Thomas Damberger is postdoctoral research associate at the Goethe-University Frankfurt (Germany). He studied pedagogy and philosophy and completed his doctorate with a critical work about pedagogical and technological improvement of humans. His main fields of research are the philosophy of education, pedagogy and human enhancement, and digital media. More information and many downloads: http://thomas-damberger.de
Maria Ramos is a writer interested in comic books, cycling, and horror films. Her hobbies include cooking, doodling, and finding local shops around the city. She currently lives in Chicago with her two pet turtles, Franklin and Roy. You can follow her on Twitter @MariaRamos1889.
Skye Nelson is a writer, activist, philosopher and artist. She holds BA in Philosophy and Humanities, has many years of activist experience in the LGBT rights movement, and is well established as a digital artist working in virtual worlds (particularly, she is a well established content creator in Second Life).
She is a contributor to the Anarchist-Transhumanist manifesto and is particularly interested in the social consequences and related ethics of brain-computer interface technology. As a vocal supporter of the SENS Research Foundation, she also has keen interest in the advancement of anti-aging technology.
Dr. Utibe Effiong is the Writer-in-Residence at the University of Michigan Risk Science Center. In this role, Dr. Effiong runs Risk Without Borders, a unique blog which examines emerging risk issues through the lens of a developing economy.
Dr. Effiong is a qualified physician and public health scientist. He holds the MBBCh degree from the University of Calabar, membership of the Nigerian National Postgraduate Medical College of Physicians and the MPH degree from the University of Michigan. He is also a New Voices Fellow with the Aspen Institute.
Dr. Effiong is no stranger to public health risk communication having spent 3 years at the University of Michigan where he has produced nearly 50 publications. Dr. Effiong also has more than 13 years of experience in the Nigerian health system.
Prior to starting Risk Without Borders, Dr. Effiong spent 2 years as a research scientist with the University of Michigan School of Public Health. Before that he had worked for six years as an Internist with several Nigerian hospitals including the University of Uyo Teaching hospital and General Hospital Umunnato where he carried out clinical duties, medical research, student/physician training and health education for diabetic patients.
Drawing on 16 years’ experience in healthcare, research and risk communication, Dr. Effiong now focuses on creating a global understanding of emerging risk issues through the lens of a developing economy. He does this through his writing, interviews and public speeches. His articles have been featured in the Huffington Post and the Detroit Free Press. He has given several television, radio and magazine interviews and has spoken at various international fora. Most recently he spoke at Exponential Medicine and gave a TED talk in Berlin.
Allison Duettmann, 23 years old, is a postgrad Philosophy and Public Policy student at the London School of Economics (LSE), specialised in Applied Ethics and Experimental Psychology. In her dissertation she focuses on adjusting moral intuitions to the challenges posed by the vast grow in nanotechnology, biotechnology and information technology. She intends to deepen this question in a PhD focusing on the use of experimental psychology to mark out and overcome the evolutionary bias which is coded into our moral intuitions.
For the Bachelor in Philosophy, Politics and Economics she has written on euthanasia, the ethical implications of eternal life and the consequences of globalism. She co-designed and panelled a competition on Innovative Ideas and For Pacific Rubiales, Latin America’s largest non-state owned oil producer in Bogotá and was on the government workgroup in Medellín for the city’s innovation programme. Prior to that she worked with several NGO’s around Latin America and entered with her idea for a digital NGO network into the McKinsey Venture Academy competition.
She was research assistant to Claire Fox, leader of the Institute of Ideas focusing on ethical controversies fort he BBC’S Moral Maze and helped organize the panels on Biomedical Battles and Interrogating Megatrends for the Battle of Ideas 2014. She was elected for scholarships to The Academy outside London, Global Young Leader’s Conference in NY, Presidential Inaugural Conference in Washington D.C. and further programs for highly gifted students in Berlin. Including her mother tongue German, she speaks 4 languages and is currently also working as translator.
Michael Petr is a research fellow at the National Institute on Aging within the National Institutes of Health. He obtained his Bachelor’s degree from North Carolina State University in Biomedical Engineering, where he was also largely involved in community outreach and several professional societies. His work spans from the development of medical devices in developing countries, to educating youth and peers on science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) topics. Michael has published articles related age-related disease and aging in Yahoo Finance and other media outlets.
As a coordinator of point-of-care testing (POCT) medical devices to countries within Africa, he seeks to significantly increase the rate of diagnosis for blood-related illness and disease.
David Wood, D.Sc., has spent 25 years envisioning, architecting, designing, implementing, and avidly using smart mobile devices. As one of the pioneers of the smartphone industry, he co-founded Symbian, the creator of the world’s first successful smartphone operating system, and served on the leadership teams of Psion Software and Symbian from 1996-2009. At different times, his executive responsibilities included software development, technical consulting, developer evangelism, partnering and ecosystem management, and research and innovation. The EPOC32 mobile operating system, of which he was the architect and head of integration of upper layers, went on (renamed as “Symbian OS”) to ship in half a billion smartphones between 2001 and 2012.
From 2010 to 2013, David was Technology Planning Lead (CTO) of Accenture Mobility, leading the global team that identified and oversaw staged investments to create assets using emerging or fast-changing mobile technologies. He also co-led Accenture’s “Mobility Health” business initiative, “Mobility innovation for dramatically better healthcare”. He now acts as independent futurist, consultant, and writer, at Delta Wisdom.
As chair of London Futurists, David has organized regular meetings in London since March 2008 on futurist, transhumanist, technoprogressive, and singularitarian topics. Membership of London Futurists now exceeds 3,000. Recently David has been building the new UK Transhumanist Party.
David received a triple first class mathematics degree from Cambridge, UK. Also at Cambridge, he undertook four years of doctoral research in the philosophy of science – covering the philosophy of mind, the characterisation of pseudo-science, creationism vs. Darwinism, and the shocking implications of quantum mechanics.
In November 2005 David received an honorary Doctorate in Science (D.Sc.) from the University of Westminster, in recognition of his services to the smartphone industry. T3 magazine included him in 2009 in their list of the “100 most influential people in technology”. In 2010 he featured in the world’s first Augmented Reality CV.
Joseph R. Carvalko, author, lawyer, and engineer devotes his attention to the intersection of law and technology. Currently he is an adjunct professor of Law, Science and Technology at Quinnipiac University School of Law; a member of the IEEE, Soc. on Social Implications of Tech., and IEEE Eng. in Medicine and Biology Soc.; member of the ABA, Sec. of Science and Technology Law, and former ed. board member of SciTech Lawyer and former chair of the Behavioral Sciences Committee. He is also a member of the Yale Community Bioethics Forum of the Program on Biomedical Ethics at Yale School of Medicine; a member of the Yale Technology and Ethics working research group. Recently, he co-authored (Cara Morris) The Science and Technology Guidebook for Lawyers (ABA Pub., May, 2014, 398 pp). He authored The Techno-Human Shell: A Jump in the Evolutionary Gap (Sunbury Press, 2012), as well as articles and papers: Law and Policy in an Era of Cyborg-Assisted-Life (IEEE, Tech & Soc.); Introduction to an Ontology of Intellectual Property (ABA SciTech); Intellectual Property Issues in the Financial & Banking Industries (PA Bar Assn); Who Should Own In-The-Body Medical Data in the Age of Electronic Medicine? (IEEE, Soc. & Tech Mag.); Patents Pave Way for Strategies in IP Intensive Environments (Cisco World); An Alternative for Distillate Fuel Filtration, (Diesel & Gas Worldwide). Co-author: On Determining Optimum Simple Golay Marking Transforms for Binary Image Processing, (IEEE Trans. on Computers) and Evaluation of a High Resolution Television Microscope, (Proc. of the IEEE). He authored, Basic Copyright chapter: Now What? The Creative Writer’s Guide to Success after the MFA (Fairfield U. Press); New Medical Technologies-the Emergence of Pharmaco-Electronics chapter: Biotechnology and the Law (ABA Pub., 2015). Other writing credits include: We Were Beautiful Once, Chapters from the Cold War, a Novel (Sunbury Press, 2013), finalist Best Historical Fiction, Military Writers Society of America, 2014; A Road Once Traveled, Life from All Sides, autobiography (2007); A Deadly Fog, book of poems and essays and poems (2004): Detras del Acero (Editorial Trance, 2015, original Spanish poetry, 97pp.); Poems: Mobius Strip, (FLARE: The Flagler Review and in Anomalie Magazine, RE: mind, Goldsmiths University of London, 2015); County Road 80, Manifest West (U. Press of CO, fall 2014); Registered Letter, Proud to Be: Writing by American Warriors, Vol. 2 (MS Hum. Council, and SE MS State University Press, 2013); The Road Home, finalist, (Esurance Poetry prize, 2012); The Interior, book of poetry, finalist (Red Mountain Press, 2012). Short stories: Winter Interrupted, All Gave Some (Military Writers Society of America, Anthology, 2014); Road to Suwon (Military Experience and the Arts, 2014); Reminders of the Next Round, (Storytellers, 2013); As a researcher and engineer, he worked in radar, optics, A.I. (pattern recognition), biomedical devices and communications. He holds 12 patents (1978-2014, some jointly) in electronics, biomedical, and computers. He is admitted to practice law in CT, NY, and before the U.S. Pat. & TM Office. He holds a JD, Quinnipiac University School of Law, BS in Electrical Engineering, Fairfield University, and a MFA (Writing) from Fairfield University.
Tom Guarriello was born in The Bronx at the beginning of the Baby Boom. He received his Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in psychology from the University of Dayton and earned a doctorate in clinical psychology from Duquesne University.
Tom specializes in helping individuals and organizations develop the creative ideas, innovative methods and customer-focused products needed to succeed in rapidly changing environments. He co-founded TrueTalk Consulting with Peggy Kelston in 1994. The firm focuses on enhancing organizational creativity by strengthening social systems. Tom has been fascinated with the social/psychological impact of technology since spearheading his first IT project in 1981. He has authored The TrueTalk Blog since 2004. In 2006, he was invited by YouTube founders Chad Hurley and Steve Chen to be one of five members of the inaugural YouTube Community Council and became Twitter member #13,512 (@tomguarriello). Tom has worked with a wide variety of companies (from Victoria’s Secret to Harvard Business Review) in the apparel retail, publishing, insurance, health care, transportation, and communication industries. In late 2009, Tom was invited to become a faculty member in the newly launched Masters In Branding program at New York’s School of Visual Arts. He currently teaches “The Meaning of Branded Objects,” a course in the psychology of branding from an experiential standpoint.
Tom lives in Princeton, New Jersey with Karen, his wife.
John G. Messerly is an Affiliate Scholar of the IEET. He received his PhD in philosophy from St. Louis University in 1992. He was a member of the faculty of both the philosophy and computer science departments for many years at the University of Texas at Austin, where he taught courses on the ethical and philosophical implications of emerging technologies. He is the author of books on ethical theory, evolutionary philosophy, and the meaning of life, as well as dozens of articles, mostly on transhumanist themes. He is also an Affiliate Member of the Evolution, Complexity, and Cognition Group (localized at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel), and an adjunct professor of philosophy at Seattle University.
He is currently interested in how technological and cosmic evolution shed light on existential questions about the meaning in life. His most recent book is The Meaning of Life: Religious, Philosophical, Scientific, and Transhumanist Perspectives. He blogs daily on issues of philosophy, evolution, futurism and the meaning of life at his website: reasonandmeaning.com.
Michael Abrams is a freelance journalist in New York and the author of Birdmen, Batmen, and Skyflyers. When not reporting on what’s new and quirky in the world of science and engineering, he’s busy raising his two daughters or plunking on his banjo, not usually at the same time.
Joel Lehman is a computer science researcher focused on artificial intelligence and neural networks. He has published over 25 peer-reviewed publications and has a patent pending. Currently, Joel is a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Texas at Austin and is also co-founder of Finchbeak LLC, a start-up company integrating cutting-edge AI research with social computer games. Joel writes about technological evolution and moral enhancement at http://worldbetter.svbtle.com/.
Alex Nichols currently lives in San Francisco California working at Lyft. He spent most of his childhood in Berkeley and Nova Scotia. Attending the University of British Columbia in Vancouver BC, he graduated with a BA in psychology and a minor in philosophy where he studied under the tutelage of two pioneers in health and cultural psychology. Their research focused on (1.) the efficacy of cognitive behavioral treatments for obsessive compulsive disorder, and (2.) behavioral patterns coinciding with meaning making and how people respond to violations of such frameworks.
Upon graduating, Alex has developed and taught the core social skills curriculum for a program focused on supporting adults with Aspergers and Autism in Berkeley. Seeking to get closer to the world of accelerating technology and startups, he started as an operations associate while Lyft was still in its infancy. In his spare time, Alex enjoys reading recent discoveries in stem cell therapy, physics, cosmology, biotechnology, neuroscience, ethics, and the implications of futuristic technologies. Currently, he is most intrigued with the philosophies of transhumanism, the ethical discussions that are thrust forward from these ideas, and the cross over in themes from existentialism, religion, and moral psychology. Outside of work and reading, Alex practices Judo and Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, and enjoys backpacking with family and friends.
Peter Rothman is a computer scientist, author and futurist. He is presently performing independent research in the fields of artificial intelligence and intelligence augmentation applied to futures studies, and is the editor of h+ Magazine the online publication of Humanity+. In the 1990s he did award winning research in the field of virtual reality for the U.S. government and his company Avatar Partners developed various well known applications of virtual reality including financial visualization application vrTrader.
Prior to his work in the field of VR, Peter led a variety of cutting edge R&D projects including developing desktop flight simulators, a neural network chemical detection & recognition system, designing a digital/analog neural computer for DARPA, and more. He has developed popular consumer software products, mobile apps, and web properties as well as embedded mission critical applications. Peter holds a B.A. in mathematics from the University of California at Santa Cruz and an M.S. in computer engineering from the University of Southern California Viterbi School of Engineering.
David S. D’Amato is the Benjamin R. Tucker Distinguished Research Scholar in Anarchist Economic Theory at the Center for a Stateless Society. D’Amato is an attorney and holds a J.D. from New England School of Law and an LL.M. in Global Law and Technology from Suffolk University Law School. A Boston native, D’Amato now lives and writes in Chicago, Illinois.
Michael Jeffers holds a Master’s degree from Drexel University’s Science, Technology, and Society graduate program. His next academic goal is to complete a doctorate in either the sociology of science, or biomedical science policy in order to fight for better funding for research related to human longevity.
Joel Taylor is from Sacramento,California. He has a Bachelor’s in Physics. He understands quantum mechanics very well. He has worked at the Maryland Science Center, written articles for Scientific American, and owned his own consulting/research company. He is a member of AIP and APS.
Glenn McGee is Professor of Public Management in the College of Business at the University of New Haven. His work focuses on the relationship between society, technology and human flourishing. In particular, he has dealt with myraid question about genomics, the compensation of research subjects, models for parenting and enhancement, development of a pragmatism theory of bioethics, patenting and sale of biological materials, ethical issues in tissue and gene banks, and ethical issues in stem cell research.
McGee was the John B. Francis Endowed Chair in Bioethics (Center for Practical Bioethics, Kansas City, 2009-12); the John A. Balint Endowed Chair in Medical Ethics, and Professor of Medicine (Albany Medical College 2005-2008). From 1995-2005 he was assistant professor of medical ethics and of cellular & molecular engineering, nursing, and philosophy (University of Pennsylvania 1995-2005). He briefly left academia to take executive positions in biotechnology in Texas and Berlin, from late 2011 until early 2013. After 20 years in bioethics, he has shifted his focus to health policy and is 1) developing a model for state and local approaches to providing services and support around autism, 2) analyzing how developing nations integrate their health systems, and 3) building best practices for healthcare institutions regarding “big data”.
Eric Steinhart grew up on a farm in Pennsylvania. He received his BS in Computer Science from the Pennsylvania State University, after which he worked as a software designer for several years. Many of his algorithms have been patented. He earned an MA in Philosophy from Boston College and was awarded a PhD in Philosophy from SUNY at Stony Brook. Since then, he has taught in the Philosophy Department at William Paterson University. His books have concerned Nietzsche, the logic of metaphor, mathematics, and life after death. Much of his work involves the application of new computational concepts to solve old philosophical problems. He loves New England and the American West, and enjoys all types of hiking and biking, chess, microscopy, and photography.
Dr. Kate Darling is a Research Specialist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Media Lab and a Fellow at the Harvard Berkman Center for Internet & Society and the Yale Information Society Project. She survived law school and holds a Doctorate of Sciences from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zurich). Her primarily interest is in how technology intersects with society. Kate’s scholarly work has covered economic issues in intellectual property systems and she has served as an IP expert and advisor for multiple academic and private institutions. More recently, her work has focussed on the near-term effects of robotic technology, with a particular interest in social and ethical issues. She writes, holds workshops, and lectures on some of the more interesting developments in the world of human-robot interaction, and where we might find ourselves in the coming decades.
Adam A. Ford is a futurist and IT professional who lives in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. He completed his Masters in IT (Distributed Systems) in 2003 and has been contracting in the IT sector since the late 90s. He is on the Board of Humanity+, and is the founder of H+ Australia, organises regular think tank oriented discussion groups, and conferencesaroundthefutureofscienceandtechnologyaimed at shaping the likelihood of a favorable future for humanity. He is spearheading the Future Day initiative, aimed at creating an international day of attention to matters regarding our future. He is a midnight oil burner, a skeptic, plays an assortment of musical instruments, and enjoys good sci-fi. Adam is also a part-time journalist, he regularly conducts interviews with rationalists, futurists, scientists and technologists - the videos end up on his blossoming YouTube channel with over 700 videos of exclusive material.
He is working on a documentary on possible futures of humanity. He also wishes to help improve the likelihood of a beneficial Intelligence Explosion.
His first computer was an Apple IIc, his latest is an Android.
Helen Kopnina (Ph.D. Cambridge University, 2002) is currently employed at The Hague University of Applied Science in The Netherlands. She is a coordinator and lecturer of Sustainable Business program, and a researcher in the fields of environmental education and environmental social sciences. Kopnina is the author of over thirty peer reviewed articles and (co)author and (co)editor of nine books, including East to West Migration (Ashgate 2005); Crossing European Boundaries (Berghahn 2006); Environmental Anthropology Today (Routledge 2011); Anthropology of Environmental Education (Nova 2012); Environmental Anthropology: Future Directions (Routledge 2013); and forthcoming Sustainable Business: Key Issues (Routledge 2014); Sustainability: Key Issues (Routledge 2015); Major Works in Environmental Anthropology; and Handbook of Environmental Anthropology.
Mikey Siegel has worked to advance human-robot interaction at NASA, MIT, Audi, and other leading institutions. Robotics work continued in a professional context until a change in life priorities pointed towards technology’s potential to reduce stress and increase joy by shifting people’s relationship to themselves. Recently in Hong Kong he acted as director of consciousness engineering at the Center for the Study of Non-Symbolic Consciousness where he focused on technology’s role in facilitating extraordinary states of wellbeing. Presently, Mikey is involved in a number of ventures including founding a company called BioFluent Technologies which creates tools designed to point us toward the simple joy of being alive, here and now. He is also actively promoting the idea of Consciousness Hacking which, in the spirit of the Maker Movement, encourages people to build new tools for exploring and altering the way we think, feel and live.
Maciamo Hay is a Belgian researcher in genetics and technoprogressive futurist. He writes about accelerating change, emerging technologies, transhumanism, genetic enhancements, artificial intelligence, and the Singularity on his blog Life 2.0. A member and advisor at the Lifeboat Foundation, he is particularly concerned about the existential risk posed by an unrestrained artificial superintelligence. His articles have been published in H+ Magazine.
Maciamo is the founder and CEO of Eupedia.com, a website dedicated to European travel, culture, history and population genetics. He is well known for his contributions on European prehistory and historical genetics, notably his analysis of Y-chromosomal and mitochondrial haplogroups, but also his research on Neanderthals and evolutionary genetics. His interests also include economics, philosophy, evolutionary biology, bioengineering, neuroscience, psychology, anthropology, cultural studies and linguistics. He speaks English, French, Italian and Japanese and has a good understanding of Dutch, German and Spanish.
Dr M. Amon Twyman (BSc, MSc Hons, DPhil) is an IEET Affiliate Scholar and philosopher interested in the impact of technology on humanity.
Amon's professional background is in both cognitive science and digital arts, and he has been a founding member of several organisations including the UK Transhumanist Association / Humanity+ UK, and the Transhumanist Party. Amon is currently the Transhumanist Party’s UK Party Leader, and Global Party Secretary.
William Gillis is a theoretical physicist based in Oakland California and a fellow at the Center for a Stateless Society. He’s organized as an anarchist activist for over fifteen years and has written extensively on ethics and technology.
Aaron Moritz is an independent researcher, blogger, podcaster, and video producer. His work covers a wide variety of scientific and philosophical issues, from sustainability and health to ethics and the nature of reality. To see more of Aaron’s work, visit his blog, here.
Brandon Tomlin‘s interests lie in the realm of predictive science fiction, futurology, understanding what ways science and technology is influencing the future of humanity, and what ways these new developments are shaping an ever-accelerating future.
Ilhan Bae is a PhD candidate in the Alternative Futures PhD Program in the University of Hawaii at Manoa. He holds a BA in business administration and an MA in media & communication from Korea University. Formerly, he was a science journalist for the daily economic newspaper in Seoul, Electronic Times (1997-2010), and started its Futures section which pioneered futuristic discourses in Korean society. His reporting mainly concerned high tech industries such as robotics, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology, and electronic vehicles. He has published two books about the future of roboics. He is a member of the Korean government’s Robot Ethics Charter committee which aims to establish laws to govern the interaction of robots and humans.
After stepping into futures studies, he has explored the conceptual history of futurism in East Asian culture, and received the Student Recognition Award in 2013 from the Association of Professional Futurists. His current focus is on spreading futures studies in East Asian countries. His Political Science doctoral thesis deals personhood-based civil rights issues related to remote-controlled robots.
Rene Milan was born in 1948, raised in the liberal town of Hamburg after spending years 3 & 4 in Greenwich CT (the origin of my tragic love affair with the u.s.). 60s & 70s: exploring altered states of being and techniques for their attainment, and applying the results to continuing self analysis and informal and formal (in the capacity of transpersonal therapist and clinical psychologist) therapeutic processes. Becoming a transhumanist after reading Exo-Psychology in the mid 1970’s by accepting the principles of Leary’s SMI2LE agenda. 1980s to now: work with computers when they became ‘personal’ in order to gain a new perspective on the potential of control systems. Moved to the u.s. (Bay Area) in 1982 and to Tokyo in 1993, to London in 1998 and to españa in 2002. Lived and worked in 12 countries on 4 continents. Joined the WTA in 2002. My hindu handle is Baba Rien and my thelemic one Fra∴ Permutabo. Currently emerging from another transmorphosis.
Y’shua is currently studying intellectual-property law and previously studied Political Science with a concentration in meta-theory and Philosophy with a concentration in ethics & public policy, and an independent, elective focus on issues of consciousness and personal identity. Y’shua will be writing and blogging at sceneinrepose.com not only about the paradigm shifts and new theories the coming future will necessitate in all of the above areas, but also developing clear methods and strategies for how to bring understanding and acceptance of these ideas to a much broader and more diverse audience.
Evan Reese is a lifelong student of the hard sciences and a continuing supporter of transhumanism. He reads the KurzweilAI.net Newsletter, listens to the Singularity 1 on 1 podcasts, and of course always reads the Emergence newsletters. ;) He is a member of the Singularity Hub. Early on he was strongly influenced by the work of Vernor Vinge and F. M. Esfandiary and is currently inspired by the ideas of Ramez Naam and Ben Goertzel.
Jason C. Stone holds an M.S. in Computer Science from The University of Texas at Dallas. His worked for several years as a developer and consultant in software development, network security and digital forensics. He is an amateur inventor who’s interests include personal scale manufacturing, intelligent systems, and distributed systems. His philosophical interests include ethics, the future of The Enlightenment, and the interaction between science and spirituality. He is currently a director at OHM Space Corporation, a nonprofit community workshop in Oklahoma City.
Harry J. Bentham is a futurist author based in Britain, an IEET contriubutor, and a member of the scientific Lifeboat Foundation think tank. The bulk of his ideas are explained in his 2013 book, Catalyst: A Techno-Liberation Thesis. His works include several science fiction and political science works, and he has gained increasing attention and praise at a column on the Iranian English-language broadcaster Press TV. Other examples of his work have appeared at over 40 diverse publications, including the techno-enthusiast h+ Magazine.
Devin Van Dyke is a student at Haverford College and the founder and president of the Haverford Transhumanist Society. His research interests include religious cosmology and ethics, the role of religion in the modern world, and the political dimensions of mental health. He is currently applying for fellowships in psychiatric research and writing his thesis on Pierre Teilhard de Chardin and human origins.
Ted Chu is a professor of Economics at New York University in Abu Dhabi, and former chief economist for General Motors and the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority. Ted graduated from Fudan University in Shanghai, and earned his PhD in economics at Georgetown University. He is the founder of the nonprofit CoBe (Cosmic Being) Institute in Michigan, a senior scholar at ChangCe, a Beijing-based independent think tank, and a former president of Greater Washington Professional Forum. He is the author of Human Purpose and Transhuman Potential: A Cosmic Vision for Our Future Evolution (2014).
Ted is a former management consultant for Arthur D. Little, Inc. (ADL) and Decision Focus, Inc. (a Silicon Valley start up firm), focusing on building large-scale econometric models and system dynamics simulation models for strategic and tactical corporate decisions and conducting public policy research in climate change, air quality, yield management, and productivity enhancement. In mid-90s he worked for the World Bank as a macroeconomist in Central and Eastern Europe lending operations during region’s turbulent transitional period. Ted joined General Motors in 1996 as senior economist for Asia Pacific region, and later became Chief Economist and Director of Global Industry Analysis, leading a team of regional economists and product planners, and spearheaded the company’s growth in emerging markets, especially China, Brazil, and India. From 2010 to 2013, he was the Chief Economist for Abu Dhabi Investment Authority, reporting to the head of Strategy Unit and providing macroeconomic guidance to the sovereign wealth fund’s investment strategy and tactical asset allocation.
He is a member of National Association Business Economists and Conference of Business Economists. He also served as a long-time contributor to Blue Chip Panel of Economic Forecasters and the Consensus Economics Forecast (London). He frequently appeared on Voice of America’s TV and radio shows including Weekly Economic Forum. He co-founded and served as president of Washington Chinese Professional Association.
Giuseppe Vatinno is a journalist in Rome and a former member of the Italian parliament. He trained as a physicist at the Sapienza University of Rome. In 2012 Giuseppe was the first openly transhumanist member of the Italian parliament. He is author of Transhumanism: a new philosophy for the twenty-first century man (2010), Political Ecology (2011), Nothing and Everything: The Wonders of the Possible (2012) and Aenigma: Symbol Mystery and Mysticism (2013).
Mateus Stein is an undergraduate student from Santa Maria, RS, Southern Brazil. He studies at Federal University of Santa Maria (Universidade Federal de Santa Maria or UFSM), and is currently working on his Undergraduate Dissertation called Enhancement Technologies and the Modern Quest for Authenticity (A Busca Moderna pela Autenticidade e as Tecnologias de Aprimoramento) in order to get a Bachelor’s Degree in Philosophy. He also intends to apply to a Master’s Program in Meta and Normative Ethics in the same place soon.
His areas of research interest are: Bioethics, Meta-ethics, Normative Ethics, Political Philosophy and Social Philosophy. On the other hand, his favorite subjects are: Authenticity and its role for Personal Identity, Communitarianism, Cosmopolitanism, Emerging Technologies, Enhancement Technologies, Free Will, Multiculturalism, Philosophy and Science Fiction, Technoprogressivism and Transhumanism.
He considers himself to be a Transhumanist Activist and he is also the founder of the Brazilian Longevity initiative. His main short time objective is to promote the Transhumanism as a legit philosophical subject in Brazil. Besides, his most important lifetime goal is to become an important contributor to the Transhumanist Agenda as well.
Bestselling visionary author Zoltan Istvan, an American-Hungarian, began a solo, multi-year sailing journey around the world at the age of 21. His main cargo was 500 handpicked books, mostly classics. He’s explored over 100 countries—many as a journalist for the National Geographic Channel—writing, filming, and appearing in dozens of television stories, articles, and webcasts. His work has also been featured by The New York Times Syndicate, Outside, San Francisco Chronicle, BBC Radio, NBC, ABC, CBS, FOX, Animal Planet, and the Travel Channel. In addition to his award-winning coverage of the war in Kashmir, he gained worldwide attention for pioneering and popularizing the extreme sport of volcano boarding. Zoltan later became a director for the international conservation group WildAid, leading armed patrol units to stop the billion-dollar illegal wildlife trade in Southeast Asia. Back in America, he started various successful businesses, from real estate development to filmmaking to viticulture, joining them under ZI Ventures. He is a philosophy and religious studies graduate of Columbia University and resides in San Francisco with his daughter and physician wife. Zoltan recently published The Transhumanist Wager, a fictional thriller describing apatheist Jethro Knights and his unwavering quest for immortality via science and technology. The novel was recently a #1 bestseller in both Philosophy and Sci-Fi Visionary & Metaphysical on Amazon. Zoltan also blogs for Psychology Today and The Huffington Post.
Steve Fuller is Auguste Comte Professor of Social Epistemology in the Department of Sociology at the University of Warwick, UK. Originally trained in history and philosophy of science, Fuller is best known for his foundational work in the field of ‘social epistemology’, which is concerned with the normative grounds of organized inquiry. ‘Social epistemology’ is also the name of a quarterly journal that he founded in 1987 as well as the first of his twenty books. He has most recently authored a trilogy relating to the idea of a ‘post-’ or ‘trans-‘ human future, all published with Palgrave Macmillan:Humanity 2.0: What It Means to Be Human Past, Present and Future (2011), Preparing for Life in Humanity 2.0(2012) and (with Veronika Lipinska) The Proactionary Imperative: A Foundation for Transhumanism (2013).
Donna Hanrahan recently earned her M.S. in Bioethics from Columbia University and is now a J.D. Candidate at Seton Hall University School of Law. She currently works as the lead research strategist at CheckedUp, a medical technology startup, where she designs study protocol and analyzes data for a multi-site clinical trial to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a mobile health technology. Donna’s background is in public policy and she earned her B.A. in Political Science from the State University of New York at Geneseo. Donna has recently worked as a research associate at the Healthcare Innovation and Technology Lab, a research assistant on a qualitative research study at Columbia University Medical Center, and an intern at Yale University’s Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics Summer Institute, where she focused her research on the role of social media data in public health surveillance and research.
Donna’s recent research examines the ethical issues surrounding the secondary use of electronic health data, direct-to-consumer advertising of neurotechnology, and mobile health technology as it pertains to the HIPAA privacy and security rules and the meaningful use requirements of the HITECH Act. She has recently presented her research at the 1st Annual Conference on the Governance of Emerging Technologies, 7th Annual Conference on Ethical Issues in Biomedical Engineering, and the American Society for Bioethics and the Humanities annual meeting. Donna is a member of the American Society for Bioethics and the Humanities and the International Neuroethics Society. She is passionate about the ethical application of healthcare technology in creating better, more cost-effective health outcomes.
Michael Rectenwald, P.h.D., teaches in the Global Liberal Studies Program at New York University. His research interests include the history of science, the rhetoric of science, science and technology studies (STS), and the future(s) of science and technology. He has published articles in the British Journal for the History of Science, International Philosophical Quarterly, Insurgent Notes, as well as essays in several anthologies. He also writes fiction and poetry and is the author of a collection of short fiction and two books of poetry.
Andrew Iliadis is a Doctoral Student in Communication & Philosophy at Purdue University and Managing Editor at Figure/Ground Communication. His research interests are in philosophy of information and communication, history and philosophy of science, and philosophy of technology. He keeps a blog called Philosophy of Information & Communication and is currently engaged in three research projects. The first is a philosophical study of the metaphysics of the French philosopher Gilbert Simondon. The second is a project on engineering ethics, and the third is on the philosophy of information and communication, specifically the notion of information artifact ontology. You can reach him at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Marc Roux is an Affiliate Scholar of the IEET who lives in Greece. He holds a bachelor of science, but his doctoral studies in medieval history have led him to an ongoing investigation of the identities and boundaries between the peoples of Europe. He has been an activist in the trade union movement and parties of the Left, and in 2009 co-founded the AFT : Technoprog!, a French transhumanist/technoprogressive organization. Through Technoprog! he organized the online exhibition “Devenir humain, the art of transhumanism.” and four conferences in Paris on various aspects of transhumanism, three of which were at the University of the Sorbonne. He manages the Technoprog! website, mailing lists and fora, and is leading a committee revising the Technoprog! Platform.
Marc has been interviewed often on transhumanism and biopolitics in the European press, included by France Culture, Liberation, Marianne, Politis, Re-public, Silicon Maniacs, Mesacosan, Hermes and CNETFrance, and has consulted for EHESS - Paris ( Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales) and the think tank Terra Nova.
Christine Gaspar is a Registered Nurse who specializes in emergency medicine, trauma and tele-triage. She lives in Toronto, Canada and is the President of the Cryonics Society of Canada. In this role, she advocates for local cryonicists and is helping to build an infrastructure in Canada to support cryonics efforts. She has also appeared in press interviews in an effort to engage and educate the public on cryonics matters. She is a writer who has contributed essays and articles in support of transhumanist and cryonics philosophy as well as working on a field manual for local DIY cryonics standby. She is a member of the Cryonics Institute and an associate member of Alcor Life Extension Foundation.
R.J. Crayton is a novelist living in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area. She was formerly a reporter at the Kansas City Star, and later edited the trade publications Campus Crime, Education Technology News and Higher Education Technology News. Crayton’s fiction often covers ethical issues. Her novel Life First follows the plight of a woman fleeing a forced kidney donation. More information is available on her website.
Joe Nickence is a blogger and Virtual Reality enthusiast, who has settled down to wait for the Singularity. Ever feisty and opinionated, he visits web pages, news sites, and blog posts to expound on the wave of the future. Two web publications he’s written for, as Allen Eppenberger, are the Second Life Enquirer, and the Metaverse Tribune. Allen is the Second Life persona that he’s grown comfortable with. He’s been brushing off his (rusty) basic VRML skills. He’s also attempting to teach himself X3D, which he feels is the direction the web, in general, is going, now that most browsers can read HTML 5
He has carried memberships in the National Space Society, the Moon Society, and the local chapter of the Sheboygan Space Society. He has tinkered with model railroads, toy robots, and a plethora of past-their-prime computers. As an avid science fiction reader and self-proclaimed transhumanist, Anime watcher, and a HUGE fan of Vocaloids and Miku Miku Dance videos, he lives in Gladstone, MI with his wife for the past nineteen years.
Leo Canty of Windsor, Connecticut recently retired as second vice president of the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) Connecticut in Rocky Hill, a union that represents teachers, public employees, educational personnel and health care professionals.
Dylan Chandler is a Ph.D student at Simon Fraser University’s School of Communication in Vancouver, British Columbia. He is interested in philosophies and critical theories of technology, information, and artificial intelligence, especially with regards to their impact on society and culture.
Sebastián Pereira was born on La Paz, Bolivia the 24th of December 1987, and finished high school there. Now he is finishing his dissertation for political Science and Public Administration for the Universidad Nacional de Cuyo Argentina, while ending studies for the bachelor of Economics in the Universidad de Congreso.
Kamil Muzyka, after graduating high school, where he attended the Mat-Fiz (a class profiled on Physics and Math), he went to the Warsaw University of Management and Law, where I Studied Law. There he was a member of the Students governing body, member of the stipendium committee, the chief editor of “Speculator” students magazine for two years.
After that period he worked at the WUML’s Academic Legal Aid Office, as a legal aid worker, solving people’s legal problems, helping them get through with legal paperwork, explaining to them their situation
After graduating college with a Master degree in law and a Industrial property law Major, Kamil worked as a freelance translator and sometimes a prior arts searcher. Working as a freelancer, or a mercenary, as it was often referred to among lawyers, gave him much self discipline, required when working remotely and having no one to keep an eye on you. He has translated many things, including legal, architectural and medical documentations, advertisements, trade offers, formal business correspondence, franchise agreements and EPO patent applications for patent attorneys.
Lately he completed a translator’s practice at mLingua sp.zoo (polish for ltd), where besides the usual written translations, he had to get in common with creating subtitles, working with CAT tools and getting a certificate of a trained, professional translator.
Presently Kamil has published two papers on AI Law and WBE uploaded rights :
Mój sąsiad, Ent ( My neighbour, the Ent - published only in polish by an athropological journal Maska)
Zarys Osobowości prawnych sztucznych inteligencji oraz emulowanych osobowości ludzkich ( the outline of legal issues regarding AI’s and uploaded human personalities, soon to be published by the Silesian University Journal, it’s English alteration is awaiting publication in the Journal of Artificial General Intelligence).
Currently Kamil is attending Mining engineering courses, and starting my work on the international space law issues regarding off world mining, mostly concerning asteroids.
Roberta Scarlett describes herself as a techno-anarchist and a promoter of radical open source education, technology and science. She is a supporter of DIY, hacking, bio hacking, the maker movement, transhumanism, and off grid energy systems.
Sean Vitka holds a Juris Doctor from Boston College Law School, was a legal fellow at the Open Technology Institute, and is a Google Policy Fellow at Georgetown Law’s Institute for Public Representation. He previously litigated housing cases at Harvard Legal Aid Bureau and founded Blue Redefined, a charity dedicated to expanding social and entertainment opportunities for people with disabilities. He’s been published in numerous places, including the IEET, Slate and the Washington Post.
Kyle Treman is an intern for the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies. He is currently a candidate for a Master of Arts in Bioethics at New York University. Kyle graduated from Manhattan College, located in the Bronx, with a Bachelor of Science in Biology along with minors in chemistry and religion.
He was a member of the Beta Beta Beta and Sigma Xi Honor Societies. During his time at Manhattan, Kyle contributed to a 20-year longitudinal health study, started by Dr Lance Evans, analyzing the health of a population of saguaro cacti (Carnegiea gigantean) in Tucson, Arizona. The article will be published in the Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society.
In addition he presented the findings at the Eastern Colleges Science Conference at Sacred Heart University. Kyle is very interested in the work being done in the transhumanist community, and he hopes to pursue a PhD and teach in the future.
Robert de Neufville is a professional associate of the Global Catastrophic Risk Institute and blogs about the future of the human race at Anthropocene. He holds an M.A. in political science from the University of California, Berkeley and has written for The Economist, The Washington Monthly, and Big Think. Other interests include theoretical physics, artificial intelligence, evolutionary biology, and the game of go.
Grady Johnson is an independent researcher whose work focuses on mesh networking, spectrum policy, and online privacy. His work has been featured in the Huffington Post, Slate, the Washington Post and Global Information Society Watch. He is also a regular contributor to GenderIT.org, an organization that supports women’s and LGBT groups in digital rights advocacy and secure communications. Grady tweets (at very odd hours) at @geekwrights.
Tobias S. Buckell is a Caribbean-born a New York Times Bestselling author. His novels and over 50 short stories have been translated into 17 languages and he has been nominated for the Hugo, Nebula, Prometheus and John W. Campbell Award for Best New Science Fiction Author. He currently lives in Ohio.
Stefan Pernar has worked in corporate IT his entire life and is currently the CIO for the not for commercial profit retail group FrontLine Stores Australia Ltd. In 2005 he got inspired by Kurzweil’s The Singularity is Near to write his own philosophical novel on friendly AI called Jame5 - A Tale of Good and Evil which set him on a path of exciting discovery ever since. In 2010 he and his wife migrated to Australia to put his ideas on an academic foundation by taking a Graduate Diploma in Anthropology and Social Theory at the University of Melbourne which he finished in 2011. His plan is to someday turn his ideas into a PhD. Stefan currently lives with his wife Grace as well as several ducks, chickens, rabbits, quail and a miniature dachshund named Sophie on a 10 acre property south of Ballarat.
Kevin Carson is a senior fellow of the Center for a Stateless Society and holds the Center’s Karl Hess Chair in Social Theory. He is a mutualist and individualist anarchist whose written work includes Studies in Mutualist Political Economy, Organization Theory: A Libertarian Perspective, and The Homebrew Industrial Revolution: A Low-Overhead Manifesto, all of which are freely available online. Carson has also written for such print publications as The Freeman: Ideas on Liberty and a variety of internet-based journals and blogs, including Just Things, The Art of the Possible, the P2P Foundation, and his own Mutualist Blog.
David Koepsell is an author, philosopher, attorney, and educator whose recent research focuses on the nexus of science, technology, ethics, and public policy. He has provided commentary regarding ethics, society, religion, and technology on: MSNBC, Fox News Channel, The Guardian, The Washington Times, NPR Radio, Radio Free Europe, Air America, The Atlanta Journal Constitution, and the Associated Press, among others. He is currently a tenured Associate Professor of Philosophy at the Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Technology, Policy, and Management in the Netherlands. For full academic CV, click here.
Daniel Faggella is a UPENN recipient of the Master of Applied Positive Psychology degree, under the tutelage of Martin Seligman, James Pawelski, and the Positive Psychology Center. Positive psychology asks what lies beyond normal human capacity, not only in terms of fixing human detriments, but enhancing human ability and experience (for learning, fulfillment, and more).
Dan is also an author, frequent speaker at Universities, and National Martial Arts Champion in the art of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu.
Dan’s purpose is life at present is to unify the world in determining and exemplifying the most beneficial transition to trans-human intelligence and conscious (sentient) potential.
Monika Gordon is currently studying Computational Design at Concordia University. As a young Aboriginal woman, her areas of interest involve identity in the modern world and the affect of AI on gender roles and stereotypes. She is currently conducting research for a paper that looks into what differentiates people from machine, what will create a truly smart machine, and problems that a non-human intelligent artifact may bring about in our current social structure. To see thoughts on her research see artificialmusing.tumblr.com.
Clyde DeSouza is an Author and Creative Technology Evangelist. He explores technologies such as Augmented Reality, Real-time Game engines and Stereoscopic 3D and their influence on human perception.
Raised in different parts of the world, he is at ease in multicultural environments and loves interacting with people of diverse backgrounds, believing that holding on to tradition is over-rated, and a border-less, technology driven world is the future.
His book Think in 3D, has been peer recommended as essential reading for Directors. Clyde’s coining of new terminology in 3D has made it’s way into the 3D Encyclopedic Dictionary.
His Think in 3D masterclasses are an on-going success in Asia and Europe. Recent projects include the setup of Advanced Media and Technology Labs for Government and Educational Media institutions to foster collaboration, and sustain employee motivation. These Collaborative Environments help in seeding ideas and in furthering the knowledge capital of developing countries in the MiddleEast and SouthEast Asia.
His second book: Memories With Maya is a fiction novel in the hard science/tech-noir genre. The story explores the impact Augmented Intelligence will have in human personal relationships and in society. His aim in writing the book is to bring the ethos of Transhumanism via story
Norman Solomon wrote the nationally syndicated “Media Beat” weekly column from 1992 to 2009.His latest book is “Made Love, Got War: Close Encounters with America’s Warfare State.”
Solomon’s book “War Made Easy: How Presidents and Pundits Keep Spinning Us to Death” was published in 2005. The Los Angeles Times called the book “brutally persuasive” and “a must-read for those who would like greater context with their bitter morning coffee, or to arm themselves for the debates about Iraq that are still to come.” The newspaper’s reviewer added: “Solomon is a formidable thinker and activist.” The Humanist magazine described the book as “a definitive historical text” and “an indispensable record of the real relationships among government authorities and media outlets.”
Solomon is the founding director of the Institute for Public Accuracy, a national consortium of policy researchers and analysts. He was IPA’s executive director from 1997 to 2010.
His book “Target Iraq: What the News Media Didn’t Tell You” (co-authored with foreign correspondent Reese Erlich) was published in 2003 by Context Books. “Target Iraq” has also been published in German, Italian, Hungarian, Brazilian and South Korean editions.
A collection of Solomon’s columns won the George Orwell Award for Distinguished Contribution to Honesty and Clarity in Public Language. The award, presented by the National Council of Teachers of English, honored Solomon’s book “The Habits of Highly Deceptive Media.”
In the introduction to that book, Jonathan Kozol wrote: “The tradition of Upton Sinclair, Lincoln Steffens, and I.F. Stone does not get much attention these days in the mainstream press ... but that tradition is alive and well in this collection of courageously irreverent columns on the media by Norman Solomon. ... He fights the good fight without fear of consequence. He courts no favors. He writes responsibly and is meticulous on details, but he does not choke on false civility.”
Solomon’s books include “Target Iraq,” “Wizards of Media Oz: Behind the Curtain of Mainstream News,” “The Trouble With Dilbert: How Corporate Culture Gets the Last Laugh,” “False Hope: The Politics of Illusion in the Clinton Era,” “The Power of Babble: The Politician’s Dictionary of Buzzwords and Doubletalk for Every Occasion,” and “Killing Our Own: The Disaster of America’s Experience With Atomic Radiation.”
Solomon has appeared as a guest on many media outlets including the PBS “NewsHour With Jim Lehrer,” CNN, MSNBC, Fox News Channel, C-SPAN, public radio’s “Marketplace,” and NPR’s “All Things Considered,” “Morning Edition” and “Talk of the Nation.”
In the months leading up to the March 2003 invasion of Iraq, Norman Solomon appeared on CNN a dozen times as an in-studio guest. In addition, he was a guest on MSNBC and Fox News Channel, and appeared on live broadcasts of C-SPAN’s “Washington Journal.” He voiced commentary that aired on the nationwide public radio program “Marketplace.” In addition, Solomon appeared on such international outlets as the BBC Radio World Service, CBC Radio, CBC Television, Voice of America, Al-Jazeera Television, Australia’s ABC television and radio, and SBS radio networks. He also appeared on radio outlets in Ireland and South Africa.
Solomon’s op-ed articles have appeared in a range of newspapers including the Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Newsday, New York Times, Boston Globe, Miami Herald, USA Today, Philadelphia Inquirer and Baltimore Sun. His articles have also appeared in the International Herald Tribune, Canada’s Globe and Mail, the Toronto Star and the Jordan Times.
In 1997 Solomon co-authored “Wizards of Media Oz: Behind the Curtain of Mainstream News.” A review in the Nation magazine said: “One of the great values of this book is that it demolishes the myth that liberalism dominates the media. ... This nifty, easily digestible compendium ought to be used in high school and college courses to help the young learn how to be discriminating news consumers.”
Solomon co-wrote “Unreliable Sources: A Guide to Detecting Bias in News Media,” published in 1990. A review in the Washington Post concluded that the book “makes a worthy addition to the library of any student of American news media, social structure and political science.” Kirkus Reviews said that the book provides “an extensive record of recent media distortions.” Publishers Weekly said that Solomon and co-author Martin A. Lee “make a compelling case for the contention that newsmen and women distort current events.” The San Francisco Chronicle reviewer wrote: “Their command of information is matched by committed, eloquent writing that plumbs the psychological and political complexities of mass-mediated experience.” Utne Reader called the book “an essential text.” USA Today columnist Barbara Reynolds described it as “a thinking person’s book.”
Solomon’s 1995 book “Through the Media Looking Glass” (co-authored with Jeff Cohen) drew praise from Booklist, which called it “a lively counterpoint to the dominant conservative critique of the ‘liberal’ media.” A review in the Los Angeles Times declared: “The bold, muckraking tone of these columns offers a welcome respite from the decerebrated discourse that too often passes for contemporary journalism.”
Glyn Taylor is the founder/director of the news website, That’s Really Possible. From a UK Military background, he focuses on contributing to global security. That’s Really Possible has the aim of “inspiring outward thinking to spark collaborative ideologies among the masses”. It does this by displaying the awe of what is possible through our upcoming technological advances
Brenda Cooper is a science fiction writer, a futurist, and a technology professional. She has published fiction in Analog, Oceans of the Mind, Nature, and in multiple anthologies. She is the author of the Endeavor award winner for 2008: THE SILVER SHIP AND THE SEA, and of multiple other books. Her most recent novel is THE CREATIVE FIRE, part of a duology that will be completed with the release of THE DIAMOND DEEP in October of 2013 from Pyr.
Brenda is avidly interested in saving the world, since it seems like a generally good idea. She blogs about this at www.backingintoeden.com, and can occasionally be found giving talks on the topic. Her website is at www.brenda-cooper.com and she can be followed on Twitter @brendacooper and FaceBook at BrendaJCooper.
Ciaran Healy is an independent philosopher who uses the scientific method to chart the contour of human suffering and pain. He works to discover new ways to undercut these things at source. His aim is to bring these hidden dynamics to light with clarity and force for the general reader, and anyone up for looking at things in a new way. He has been working at this for about 17 years, and amazingly, still loves it. He lives in Edinburgh with his wife, and as he is unable to keep goldfish alive for long, it’s just them for now.