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MULTIMEDIA: Lee-Roy Chetty Topics

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Lee-Roy Chetty Topics

The importance of universal healthcare

by Lee-Roy Chetty

The strategic aim of universal health coverage is to ensure that everyone can use the health services they need without risk of financial ruin or impoverishment, no matter what their socio-economic situation. The over-arching concept of universal health coverage takes a broad view of the services that are needed for good health and well-being.

Greater economic integration within the Southern Africa

by Lee-Roy Chetty

The promotion of growth through increased intra-trade and deeper regional economic integration hold much promise in the Southern African region. In particular, with the mixed economies of low and medium income countries within the Southern African Development Community (SADC), regional integration offers tangible possibilities to leverage and extend economic comparative advantage at a regional level in ways not accessible through national programs.

Maximizing Africa’s agriculture for economic growth

by Lee-Roy Chetty

There are few development challenges in Africa more as pressing and fraught with controversy as the issue of land ownership and its persistent gap between rich and poor communities.

Africa and its impact on world trade

by Lee-Roy Chetty

International trade has recovered since the economic crisis of 2008-2009 which initially resulted in a worldwide slump in demand and in the liquidity that fuels the movement of goods and services across borders. However, despite this global incremental recovery, slow output growth, high unemployment and economic uncertainty persist across the European Union, while other developed markets have struggled to return to their pre-crisis highs.

Filling in the gaps – understanding white space spectrum

by Lee-Roy Chetty

Technological innovation and information communication technologies (ICTs) represent a way for developing world nations to foster economic growth and development, improve levels of education and training, as well as address gender issues within society.

Key variables which impact the demand for labor in Africa

by Lee-Roy Chetty

The structure of many African economies is unbalanced and unable to deliver labor intensive and inclusive growth. Most African economies are characterized by both excessive dependence on export revenues from a few commodities and external financial flows (FDI, aid and remittances) and a weak industrial base and predominance of subsistence agriculture.

The Role of Agriculture in Meeting Socioeconomic Needs

by Lee-Roy Chetty

Agriculture remains at the center of the African continent’s socio-economic development. It contributes a third of Africa’s total GDP, albeit with regional diversities driven by differences in weather and climatic conditions, the economic value of agricultural products, and the importance of other resources.

Africa’s competitiveness mandate

by Lee-Roy Chetty

In total, Africa’s growth rate has averaged well above 5% in the past decade, after 20 difficult years of flat and often negative growth in several countries. The challenge for the continent in the coming years is whether Africa will be able to maintain these impressive growth rates, and whether future growth will be built on the types of productivity enhancements that are associated with rising living standards.

Key variables which impact employment on the African continent

by Lee-Roy Chetty

The issue of employment has grown in prominence on national and global development agendas in recent times, given its socio-economic and political implications. Though the employment challenge has its own dimensions, it scourges countries worldwide regardless of their stage of socio-economic development. Thus, employment is currently a global policy issue.

Managing climate change on the African continent

by Lee-Roy Chetty

Observed temperature increases indicate a greater warming in Africa in recent decades.

Managing mineral and agricultural wealth better on the African continent

by Lee-Roy Chetty

Continued demand for Africa’s natural resources as well as the recent discoveries of oil, gas and minerals in, among others, Ghana, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique, together with an improved macro-economic environment, sustain prospects for robust economic growth on the continent.

Sub-Saharan Africa’s economic engines of growth

by Lee-Roy Chetty

Economic activity in sub-Saharan Africa picked up in the fourth quarter to propel the region’s average real gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate to an estimated 4.0 percent for 2012.

Connecting Africa

by Lee-Roy Chetty

One of the main gaps which have been identified in the African infrastructure value chain is the national and regional backbone that underpins the delivery of broadband capacity to government, academia, businesses and individual users.

Africa’s economic outlook in 2013 and beyond

by Lee-Roy Chetty

The pace of the global recovery weakened toward the end of 2012 for most advanced countries. In the face of worsening labour market conditions and balance sheet deleveraging by banks, consumer spending remains depressed, despite a temporary rebound in mid-year. In many countries of the Eurozone and elsewhere, the introduction of austerity measures is translating into reduced disposable incomes and curbed consumer spending. Nonetheless, towards the end of 2012 saw a marginal improvement in the European Commission consumer confidence indicator, but still around mid-2009 levels and well below historical average.

Sub-Saharan Africa’s expectation gap

by Lee-Roy Chetty

Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) exhibited significantly better economic and social indicators than Asia in the immediate post-independence era in the 1960s. Existing historical records and evidence suggest that the region had higher average per capita income and better human development indicators.

Potential drought resilience strategies for the Horn of Africa

by Lee-Roy Chetty

The Horn of Africa (HoA), which comprises of eight countries, has an estimated combined population of 210 million people and is one of the world’s most food-insecure and vulnerable regions on the planet, with the majority of the inhabitant’s pastoralists and agro-pastoralists, living on marginalized lands.

South Africa’s economic outlook in 2013

by Lee-Roy Chetty

Following a strong recovery from the downturn of 2008−09, economic momentum in South Africa is losing steam against the backdrop of a weaker external environment. As the recovery took hold, macro-economic policies moved towards a less accommodative stance from early 2010.

Africa’s progress on governance

by Lee-Roy Chetty

The importance of good governance to sustainable development and poverty reduction is well recognized.

The state of broadband access in sub-Saharan Africa

by Lee-Roy Chetty

A growing number of nations in Sub-Saharan Africa see Information and Communication Technology (ICT) as a necessary foundation for long-term economic development.

The demand for biofuels from the African continent

by Lee-Roy Chetty

The exponential rise in energy prices over the last 10 years is seen as the beginning of a new era in which energy prices will remain high for an extended period. Several factors have driven this trend, including the rapid growth in demand for energy in developing countries such as China and India; the depletion of easily accessible supplies of oil; and the higher cost of extracting oil from deep oceans, remote areas, and politically unstable regions.

Insurance strategies for the most vulnerable in Africa

by Lee-Roy Chetty

Insurance mitigates the economic effects of events like illness, death, disability, fire, theft, and natural disaster on individuals, households, or enterprises.

Mobile technology – creating an enabling environment in Africa

by Lee-Roy Chetty

With an increasing use of retail agents and communications technology, bank-led and nonbank-led models are found to be converging not in branchless banking but a banking beyond- branch (BBB) arrangement.

Primary education variables in the Developing world

by Lee-Roy Chetty

In a number of developing countries, the relationship between increased resource allocation to the education sector and improved education outcomes is fairly weak. A major finding is that “traditional” education inputs fail to yield the expected positive influence.

Innovation for job creation

by Lee-Roy Chetty

Rapid technological advancement and the impact of Information Communication Technology are changing our lives more quickly and more deeply than ever before imagined.

Disgrace in our winelands (African Futures Project)

by Lee-Roy Chetty

Out of South Africa’s nine provinces, the greatest number of farm-workers resides in the wealthy and fertile Western Cape.Despite their fundamental role in the success of our country’s valuable fruit, wine, and tourism industries, farm-workers benefit very little, in large part because they are subject to exploitative conditions and human rights abuses without sufficient protection of their rights.

The Importance of Social Safety Nets on the African Continent

by Lee-Roy Chetty

Social safety nets are on the rise in Africa, and continue to evolve from scattered stand-alone programs into dependable safety net systems.

The Future of Water in African Cities

by Lee-Roy Chetty

It is widely accepted that one of the major challenges of the 21st century is to provide safe drinking water and basic sanitation for all.

Promoting the Use of Clean Stoves in the Developing World

by Lee-Roy Chetty

Promoting the use of clean stoves in the developing world can contribute to the broader development objectives of reducing poverty, improving health and gender equality, and mitigating climate change.

A new season of cooperation between ICANN and ITU

by Lee-Roy Chetty

A number of high ranking officials and dignitaries are in attendance at the conference, including Mohamed Nasser Al-Ghanim, Director-General of the UAE Telecommunications Regulatory Authority and Chairman of the Conference; Fadi Chehadé, President and CEO of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN); and ITU Secretary-General, Dr. Hamadoun I. Touré.

Ensuring Energy Access for All in Africa

by Lee-Roy Chetty

Countries in Africa face many challenges in their quest to improve the welfare of their populations, one of which is the lack of access to affordable and reliable modern energy. Africa has the lowest electrification rate of all regions. It is estimated that only 42 percent of the population has access to electricity, compared with 75 percent in the developing world.

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