View Procreative beneficence
Procreative beneficence refers to a moral obligation of parents to have the healthiest children through all natural and artificial means available. The term was coined by Julian Savulescu, a professor of applied ethics at St. Cross College in Oxford. In her paper, she focuses on sex selection and genes that may have an influence on intelligence and argues that"couples (or single reproducers) should select the child, of the possible children they could have, who is expected to have the best life, or at least as good a life as the others, based on the relevant, available information.”
Such a principle is controversial. Some critics argue that such a principle would lead to a loss of diversity and neurodiversity in particular, and that while parents will naturally take sufficient care of fetuses by means such as vitamin supplements and avoiding activities that are likely to harm the fetus. Even without the principle of procreative beneficence they will usually test for lethal disorders and may selects for other traits if they choose, but it is argued that procreative beneficence could limit diversity by creating some sort of obligation to select for a specific set of traits.
However, procreative beneficence is a moral principle, not a government policy. It does not necessarily imply that parents have an obligation to select for a narrow set of traits or that neurodiversity should be limited. Rather, it only implies that parents are obligated to"select embryos or fetuses which are most likely to have the best life, based on available genetic information, including information about non-disease genes,” and does not preclude there being a variety of traits, attributes, and avenues to take in life that may produce the best outcome.