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J. Hughes
Duplicity about Duplication: Cloning as Lens for Millenial Angst by J. Hughes

In late February a wave of hysterical, technophobic paranoia swept the world with the announcement that Scottish scientists had cloned a sheep. Reported as the first successful cloned mammal, it was quickly followed by American claims of successfully cloned monkeys. The media promoted stories as heralding the immanent cloning of humans. The mantra of “brave new world” was intoned endlessly, as reporters breathlessly conjured images of millions of pencil-mustachioed Austrian painters.

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J. Hughes
Embracing Change with All Four Arms: A Post-Humanist Defense of Genetic Engineering by J. Hughes

Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics June 1996, 6(4):94-101

in Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Controversial Issues in Science, Technology, and Society , Fourth Edition, ed. Thomas A. Easton. Dushkin/McGraw Hill, 2000

and translated into German in Telepolis 

1. Introduction 2. Distinctions without a Difference 3. Ethical Starting Points for A Defense

A. Rule Utilitarianism B. Privacy, Self-Determination and Bodily Autonomy C. Freedom from Biological Necessity...

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J. Hughes
Den Wandel mit aller Entschlossenheit ergreifen by J. Hughes

Ein posthumanistisches Plädoyer für die Gentechnologie

Über eine Bioethik wird in Deutschland noch wenig öffentlich diskutiert. Die neuen Biotechnologien werfen jedoch viele Fragen und Probleme auf, die tief in unser Verständnis von Leben und Person eingreifen werden. Der Bioethiker James Hughes hat ein entschiedenes und provozierendes Plädoyer für die intensive Nutzung der Gentechnologie verfaßt, das wir in Telepolis zur Diskussion stellen wollen.

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J. Hughes
The Doctor-Patient Relationship: Does it Really Matter? by J. Hughes

A large body of literature uses the “doctor-patient relationship” (DPR) is if it were a discrete phenomenon with positive effects on patient satisfaction and clinical outcomes. This paper examines the three assumptions made by this literature: 1) that the DPR is a discrete dichotomous variable, rather than a poorly inter-correlated cluster of attributes; 2) that this cluster of attributes are the most significant predictors of the variables they are purported to effect; and 3) that the beneficial influence of a primary care relat...

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J. Hughes
Aliens, Technology and Freedom: Science Fiction Consumption and Socio-Ethical Attitudes by J. Hughes

As we enter the 21st century, we do well to consider the values implicit in science fiction, the principal arena of future speculation in popular culture. This study explored whether consumption of science fiction (SF) is correlated with distinctive socio-ethical views. SF tends to advocate the extension of value and rights to all forms of intelligence, regardless of physical form; enthusiasm for technology; and social and economic libertarianism. This suggests that consumers with these socio-ethical views would be attracted to the SF genre,...

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J. Hughes
Buddhism and Medical Ethics: A Bibliographic Introduction by J. Hughes

with Damien Keown

This article provides an introduction to some contemporary issues in medical ethics and the literature which addresses them from a Buddhist perspective. The first part of the article discusses Buddhism and medicine and outlines some of the main issues in contemporary medical ethics. In the rest of the paper three subjects are considered: i) moral personhood, ii) abortion, and iii) death, dying and euthanasia. The bibliographic references appended to the article will be updated periodically (contributions are welcome...

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J. Hughes
Organization and Information at the Bedside (dissertation) by J. Hughes

ORGANIZATION AND INFORMATION AT THE BED-SIDE: THE EXPERIENCE OF THE MEDICAL DIVISION OF LABOR BY UNIVERSITY HOSPITALS’  INPATIENTS

A dissertation submitted to the faculty of the Division of Social Sciences of the University of Chicago in candidacy for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Sociology

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Abstract

The practice of medicine is undergoing an industrial revolution akin to the one that occurred in manufacturing in the 19th century. Cost-co...

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J. Hughes
Social Ecology and Evolutionism by J. Hughes

Taught at the University of Chicago in 1994

 

Goals: This course is an introduction to the ecological and evolutionary concepts which have influenced the social sciences. After introducing these concepts, the course will first discuss the different units of selection in the social order. Sociobiological theories will be compared to those which posit that selection takes place at the level of software, e.g. norms and ideas. We will next explore the writings of classic University of Chicago sociologists who attempted to ...

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J. Hughes
Beginnings and Endings: The Buddhist Mythos of the Arising and Passing Away of the World by J. Hughes

Exegesis of the Agganna and Cakkavatti Suttas.

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J. Hughes
Better Living Through World Government:: Transnationalism as 21st Century Socialism by J. Hughes