Crowd-based models are becoming so pervasive that almost no major segment of modern life is left untouched by them. The concept of digital crowd models refers to the coordination of large numbers of individuals (the crowd) through an open call on the Internet in the conduct of some sort of activity.
Crowd Models by Sector
- In economics, there are crowdsourced labor marketplaces where simple tasks and professional services requests can be posted and fulfilled, crowdfunding websites for financing projects, and group purchasing mechanisms.
- In politics, crowd models mean the use of big data and social media to organize opinion and action, conduct direct marketing, and affect change.
- In the social venue, blogs, social networks, and online dating sites are examples of crowd models.
- In entertainment, there are massively multiplayer online games and virtual worlds. In education, vast eLearning networks are populating the landscape.
- In health, there are health social networks, digital health collaboration and experimentation communities, crowdscience competitions, and new movements such as the quantified self.
- In the legal venue, digital public goods have arisen through crowd contributions such as the Wikipedia, online health databanks, and other data commons resources.