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A Problem of Concepts (Part 2 of 2)

This brings us to the second issue, the failure of the majority to understand the concept of a radically different economic paradigm from our present one. I have spent many articles discussing the fact that we are undergoing a transitional phase between two very different economic systems. In 'Adding our way to Abundance' I discuss how 3D printing is beginning to alter our material economy into one that is far more digital, in which the computer file describing how to make a physical object will become far more of a defining point of 'value' than the physical object itself.

(Part 1)


And this is just one of many technologies which is having this effect. Atomically Precise Manufacturing, Programmable Matter, and the transition to a robotics based resource and manufacturing supply chain will very quickly reduce the value of material products to minimal levels. The current paradigms of scarcity will be completely disrupted by these transitions, and as a result, so will our concepts of work, wealth, and production.

This progression is almost certainly going to lead to widespread social upheaval as our traditional systems of resource acquisition, processing, and distribution cease to require human labor. This has led to fears of various dystopian futures, in which the 'wealthy' have cemented their prosperity, while the 'poor' exist in lives of desperation and suffering.

The problem with this concept is that it assumes an unceasing existence of the Economy of Scarcity. This is a particularly pernicious concept that must be overcome, because it is one that has remained unchanged for our entire history, and like the changes which will occur due to morphological freedom, we have almost no experience with the dynamics of an Economy of Abundance, making this a very hard concept for many to grasp.

For example, one issue I have dealt with over the course of many articles has been the concept of "using up resources." While on the surface, this seems to be a logical train of thought, it lies very firmly in the assumption that any given resource once used can never be reused. While there are many examples of such one-way transformations of resources in our current reality, it seems unlikely that once we have acquired the ability to manipulate matter at the atomic level at will that any given resource will remain 'scarce'. In truth, the overwhelming majority of our 'used resources' lying dormant in garbage dumps will most likely become the source of vast amounts of recycled resources.

Additionally, with the advent of programmable materials able to assume a variety of morphologies depending on need and desire, the need for any given individual to require vast accumulations of material objects seems minimal. A single vehicle able to alter its shape according to a computer file, including the ability to alter such specifications as powerplant output, internal space, aerodynamics , and any other given variable, could replace an entire fleet of current vehicles for any given individual. Since no individual could conceivably drive more than a single vehicle at a time, ownership of multiple copies would be redundant, and turn modern vehicles into little more than collector's items. The same holds true of most other physical possessions. Given a mix of morphological materials, VR integration and on demand atomic scale manufacturing, the value of material goods will disappear almost entirely.

While this is not an immediate effect, it will continue to become an ever increasing reality that will continue to disrupt the current economic paradigm the further we travel into the future. In a shorter term, we will have to deal with increasing automation, not merely of manufacturing jobs, but as artificial expert systems such as Watson mature, we will have to deal with the elimination of many currently high skill jobs as well. Even low skill jobs in the service sector are not safe from automation. Humans are becoming increasingly redundant across all sectors of industry.

Which leads to the next point I need to make. Due to our current concepts of a 'need to work' to 'obtain basic needs' we have shackled ourselves into a dangerous downward spiral. As the upper levels of society continue to seek ever greater profits due to a continual devaluation of material goods caused by increasing abundance, more and more of the very basis of their wealth, the 'consumer' who purchases their 'product' has been disenfranchised, removed from the workforce, and increasingly, from society itself. Simple study of history should show how volatile such a situation will become given sufficient time.

So how can this cycle be broken?

It requires the rejection of the concept that the current economic model is either immutable, or desirable. This does not mean a rejection of all concepts, but it means we have to accept the reality that the market is changing, and what worked in the past is becoming increasingly ineffective, requiring new actions that will ease the transition between modes.

The first action is to understand the concept of an Economy of Abundance without the utopian memes that have become so commonly associated with it. Abundance does not mean an end to money, nor that everything will be free. It means that material items have significantly less value than their non-material components. Take for example a simple chair. Using carbon based meta-materials, it should be easy to make a chair that serves all normal functions for a cost in raw materials that is likely only going to amount to a few pennies. However, this 'basic chair' has nearly unlimited ways it can be constructed while still being a 'chair'.

The 'value' of the chair is no longer connected to the material cost, but has instead been transferred entirely to the 'design' which defines the chairs structure. And unlike traditional material goods, that design is non-material, and it's value increases with the number of people who desire it.

The same will hold true of any material good eventually. Different material goods may remain more valuable for longer periods of time, but as we progress from 3D printers and automated fabrication devices to true atomically precise manufacturing, no good of a material nature will continue to hold value. Even very scarce materials are likely to become far more abundant as we create means to extract them from alternate sources such as seawater, waste dumps, and begin to access space resources. The basics needed to maintain life for any individual will likely become so inexpensive that no-one on the planet will lack the resources needed to live a modestly comfortable lifestyle.

What this means for the current business environment is a radical change as well. The present model of limited competition enabled by massive centralization of resource collection and distribution which has led to the creation of massive corporations will become less and less viable as 3d printing and eventually APM eliminate such centralization. Individuals with access to a 3d scanner, and the internet will be able to compete on a global scale, eventually eliminating the chokehold such large businesses currently hold on production.

While it is likely that continuing attempts to prevent competition through DRM, IP and Patent law will be tried, the ongoing failure of such attempts to prevent piracy and file sharing indicate that their success will be minimal, and eventually too costly to continue to pursue as the open source and DYI markets expand. In a future of nearly universal competition, the ability of such giants to survive is doubtful. Their dependence on being "sole providers" of "branded products" worked very well in an economy of scarcity in which the consumers had limited access to alternate products, but is unlikely to continue to be successful in a market where anyone can offer a competing product.

The corporate experience in the sole example of a "abundance economy" that can presently be studied, Secondlife, was one in which they met with abject failure, unable to compete effectively with individuals who could offer products of equal or greater quality, at far lower costs. It seems inevitable that as the global market place begins to include more and more individuals able to compete on an equal footing with the corporate giants, that the dominance of such massive entities will falter and gradually cease. In a future of nearly unlimited choice, their philosophy of "You can have it in any color you want so long as it's black" is self destructive.

But such a radical change will not change the reality of market "winners" and "losers". It will not mean an end to "wealth" or "money." It will merely change the basis on which that wealth and money is assigned value. Material cost will become the smallest determinant of any product's value, while it's true value will be determined by its appeal to the largest number of demographics.

This means that not only will our concepts of "work" shift from "working for others" to "working for oneself" but that the differences between the "wealthy" and "middle class" is going to become far more fluid and the differences between the peak and valley will become significantly smaller.

The massive accumulations of wealth that have occurred due to the limited competition model of the current economic system will cease to be possible as the general population increasingly gains access to the means of production, as well as the means to distribute on a global scale. It will not be a "life of idle luxury" unless the individual wishes to settle for the bare minimum, but neither will it remain a zero sum game in which an extremely limited few non competitive individuals can effectively prevent competition on a mass scale.

However, once again, this is a concept that the average person is ill equipped to cope with. To many, the concept of a future in which such a radical shift in "how we do things" is unimaginable. Again, an educational focus on the new skills needed to compete in an abundance economy is desirable, but it must also be acknowledged that as our ability to incorporate knowledge directly into our tools through High-Level Interfaces increases, it will become far more easy for the "average person" to be able to design and build products for a global market. Thus an emphasis must be placed on short term education that will speed the process of this transition, and promote microscale business development. As ever more people become disconnected from the economy of scarcity, they must be absorbed into the economy of abundance in order to minimize the disruptive effects of this transition.


And now, from the previous two sections, it should be obvious that there are significant issues caused by entrenched concepts about "how things are done." This is even more strongly true with the social problems we currently face globally. In many cases these issues are centered around asymmetry of information. We exist in a global society that has become controlled by unaccountable power structures. We have spent our entire lives with the concept of "Big Brother" and this paranoid mindset has lead us to view with suspicion the ever increasing ability of government and corporate entities to gather more and more information about the individual.

And while yes, there are certainly problems with how such information is used, few are willing to accept that it is the asymmetry of this information gathering ability that is at the heart of such misuse. Because the information flow is currently obscured, one way, and not subject to any sort of individual control, many people assume that this will always be true, and are thus unwilling to contemplate the wider implications of true omnidirectional transparency.

I have written extensively on this subject in my previous articles, discussing how VR will create a self aware world, how omnidirectional transparency will eliminate tyranny, on the difference between "secrecy" and "privacy", and on how we are currently in a "surveillance arms race". The most common thread I have encountered among those who violently oppose the rise of such transparency has been a universal assumption that such surveillance will always be monodirectional, i.e. that it will always involve a one way view, where the observer can never be observed.

It is easy to understand the dangers of such monodirectional surveillance, because we have experienced them first hand. What is harder to understand is the failure to understand the difference between such monodirectional surveillance, and omnidirectional surveillance, in which the observer is equally subject to observation, when we are daily exposed to such surveillance. Every time we enter into a public space with others, we are able to observe and be observed. The addition of electronic versions of this same ability is merely an extension of this same situation expanded to include all of humanity into an individual's "public space".

But many people cannot seem to grasp that "surveillance" can be anything other than monodirectional, and thus inherently detrimental.

While it is true that the surveillance wars are starting out primarily as monodirectional systems, designed to allow "elites" to gather information about "the masses", as time goes by and such systems as the universally accessible "Anywhere VR" are developed, it is inevitable that even the "elites" will become unable to prevent such systems from being focused on themselves as well. And it is this inevitability that will cause some of the greatest disruptions in our society as we lose the ability to maintain secrecy at any level.

And it is this elimination of secrecy that many people misunderstand as a "loss of privacy", assuming that any surveillance is monodirectional, and will always remain so, and that it will always be under someone else's control.

And it is this concept, this fixation with "Big Brother" that has to be overcome. Increased Surveillance is a reality that must be faced, and with a focus on ever greater transparency at "the top", in order to prevent abuses such as the current NSA fiasco. The solution to ever increasing surveillance is not futile efforts to stop surveillance, but increased use of surveillance by "the masses" against the "elites" who desire to retain monodirectional systems without accountability to the society.


It is hard, in the limited space of an essay to fully detail all of the concepts we will need to grasp to understand and cope with the ways in which our society will evolve as we transition from our present reality into a future with far fewer limits and much greater ability for the individual to exercise free choice. However, the three I have outlined briefly are some of the most immediate and disruptive issues we will have to face. These are developments that are starting now and will accelerate over the next decade.

We are already starting to feel the effects of these new realities, and the sooner we can address, prepare for, and even embrace these concepts, the less disruptive they will be to society. Mired as we are in "unchanging" concepts about ourselves, our economic and political systems, and even our dark fantasies about dystopian futures, we are ill prepared to face the reality that barreling down on us ever faster.

I am not a believer in Doomsday. I don't think we face a future in which there is no hope, nor do I think that failure to educate ourselves to accept and understand the concepts outlined here will lead us to "disaster", at least, none worse than those we have already inflicted upon ourselves. But by overcoming those self imposed limits, by understanding and embracing the concepts I've detailed, and charting a future with them as guideposts, I do think it is possible to save many lives that would otherwise fall by the wayside. With them, maybe we can leave a few less corpses paving the road to tomorrow.


(Part 1)


Valkyrie Ice is a writer and futurist for and H+ magazine.



I’m curious how you think piracy / digital copying will affect the future economy as you describe it. I think one reason people have Utopian visions given a digital economy is that, for many people, digital goods are free (or largely free), now. Contrary to the old PSA, I think people would, in fact, download a car given the opportunity.

To get into that John, I’d have to refer you to the articles I’ve written on transparency and accountability.  To be honest, I see piracy and copying right now as a form of protest against artificial price elevation in attempts to create scarcity.  As we advance into the future, and these efforts to artificially inflate value become impossible, so to will piracy gradually cease as prices seek their natural levels.

The abundance economy works on volume, not rarity. Artificial price inflation is a means to make more while selling less, which encourages fewer people to buy, which leads to more inflation and so on. This is counterproductive in an EOA. Ten million micro transactions is going to make a LOT more money than a few thousand macro transactions.

And with full transparency and accountability, both artificial price fixing and piracy will be equally apparent, and equally impossible without consequence.

Interesting, thanks for the reply.

I can see the transition to micro-transactions you’re talking about in video games now, so it certainly seems plausible.

Excellent articles parts 1 & 2.. cogently put and convincing.

I still have my concerns regarding Total Transparency.. described as “monodirectional” or Asymmetrical - As I still see practical problems with this perceived equal symmetry and imbalance between keeping tabs on state, and many other observers, surveillance upon one’s person. Yet in a state of abundance for all I could also foresee a society more harmonious and less worried about state surveillance, a reduction in crime in general, and eventually even a state that applies ethos of trust towards it’s citizens also?

Also piracy can still do great harm to “intellectual property” rights, (for design of chairs and alike), even in a future of abundance. Example again is especially authors and books?

May I also take liberty to post a link to some more videos -  thank you!



As I pointed out Cygnus, transparency will address that. I very strongly doubt that piracy can survive in an environment in which you, as the author, with the assistance of a “virtual twin”, can keep track of every single copy of your work, and know if at any point it is transferred without permission.

Your “surveillance” network, completely under your control, will be “on guard”.  Just like mine will me, and everyone else’s. What the NSA has now, everyone will have in the not to distant future. That’s why I continually stress that current fears of “Big Brother” are temporary at best. It’s one sided, and shrouded in secrecy today, but it will not stay that way.

If the powerful few can monitor us, and we can monitor them, the result will be to increase their power over us.

If the powerful few can monitor us, and we can monitor them, the result will be to increase their power over us.


then I would have to say you don’t understand the dynamics of how this works.

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