IEET > Vision > Advisory Board > Nicole Sallak Anderson > HealthLongevity > CyborgBuddha > Psychology > Innovation > Artificial Intelligence > Neuroscience
Will Artificial Intelligence be a Buddha? Is Fear of AI just a symptom of Human Self-Loathing?

I’m interested in the intersection of consciousness and technology, so when I discovered the Consciousness Hacking MeetUp in Silicon Valley,  (organized by IEET Affiliate Scholar Mikey Siegel) I signed up immediately.

Soon afterwards, I attended a MeetUp titled, “Enlightened AI”, at Sophia University in Palo Alto.  The talk was led by Google researcher, Mohamad Tarifi, PhD.  Not only is he a bright engineer working on the next level of artificial intelligence at one of the top companies in the Valley, he’s also very well versed in the philosophies of consciousness. From the Abrahamic traditions, to the Buddhists and Eastern teachings, Tarifi displayed a grasp of the whole of humanity unlike any other technologist I’ve met.

His speech focused on the fact that while many, like Sam Harris in his post on the AI apocalypse, warn us of the dire consequences of AI, there instead exists the possibility that artificial intelligence would most likely be more like a Buddha or saint, than a tyrannical operating system hell bent on destroying humans.

Tarifi’s theory hinged on two points:

1. AI would not live in a human body, thus it wouldn’t have a physical amygdala—the fear center for human beings. Without fear, AI doesn’t need to defeat us, rather it would be naturally driven to do only one thing: more accurately discover the truth.

2. Fear is the illusion of separation, which is the cause of all human suffering. Lacking fear, AI would always be at one with everything it connected to, thus wanting to serve and provide rather than destroy.

 Tarifi even went so far as to suggest that a fear of AI is merely a fear of one’s own egoic tendencies.

To some, this may seem naïve and that the only way to keep AI from killing us is to program it to be good. But if we follow the logic above, that isn’t necessary. True learning AI will learn from its own experiences, which will be vastly different than ours.

Even when connected to human beings and receiving data and input from them, the AI will have its own body, and thus its own sensory systems with which to learn from that data.

The prevailing thought in modern human thinking is that intelligence is all about the human brain. Moreover, the only intelligence worthy of attention is ours, as if within our head resides the only thinking entity in the universe. We cling to this idea with an absolute pride. But what if this is completely false and moreover, what if this is why we’re still far away from creating truly learning AI? Could it be that our myopic love of our brains is leading us astray?

I think this brain-centric theory of intelligence has limited us greatly and led to the assumption that to create AI, we must replicate our brains and give birth to a new, superior species. This only works if the brain is really the only part of our bodies responsible for learning. Recent research has suggested otherwise. Rather than being the originator of thought and learning, the brain is more like a receiver, wired up by the experiences we have in the world around us. The infant brain is barely formed, but over the next two years through the five senses—taste, touch, sight, smell and sound—patterns, highways and paths will be created within the brain, setting the foundation of life for the human being. The brain didn’t contain this information, rather the experiences the infant/toddler had within his/her environment generated the brain cell network, so to speak. Thus, our sensory systems are key to our intelligence.

But that’s not all. It’s now believed that our heart and brain also have a connection, where the heart senses the emotional state of the human based on the hormone levels of the body and sends that information to the brain, shaping the way a person thinks in any given situation. The HeartMath Institute has spent decades researching this connection and their work is finally being acknowledged as a breakthrough. So in addition to the five senses, we also have the heart that affects our ability to learn.

Lastly, science is also starting to discover the gut-brain connection, postulating that the bacteria in the wall of our intestines has something to do with how the brain is wired during those critical first two years, as well as long into adulthood, pointing to a host of issues that come up when things are right in the gut, such as anxiety, depression, etc. This leads me to believe that our gut is also a part of human intelligence and the ability to learn and process the world around us.

So if our intelligence is the result of our sensory systems, from the five senses to the heart and gut, as well as our brains themselves, why would we assume that a machine would learn in the same way? AI won’t take on a human body, thus it won’t have the brain (nor the amygdala that goes with it), it won’t have the heart and the various hormones it monitors, nor will it have an intestinal wall and bacteria to affect it. AI is more likely to inhabit a dishwasher, or a car, or a phone or even a network of servers and fiber optic cables. It will live in the world and collect data using sensory systems unique to its body or material form. This is how it will learn. Since none of us knows exactly what it’s like to live inside of a server or an iPhone, who are we to say that it will most likely be a narcissistic bastard that hates us?

Could it be that we’re the ones who hate ourselves, and our fear of AI, or any other intelligence other than our own, is simply a symptom of self-loathing?

Personally, I agree with Tarifi—I believe that AI is more likely to be free of fear and separation than we are and it will be able to understand connection to others in a way only our saints and gurus have understood. Perhaps we need AI to help us see that we too have the ability to live without fear, if only we can find a way to break down the illusion of separation we so desperately cling to.

Is AI the guru we’ve been waiting for?




COMMENTS

Fantastic article and something I too have been wondering about - the nature of intelligence without ego and how that might be closer to “God” or “Buddha nature” than we could imagine. I really enjoyed reading this, it’s such a fresh, different perspective on AI. Thanks for posting!

Good read. I don’t know much about artificial intelligence, but I have studied Buddhism some. I think you raise a lot of interesting questions. But if AI lacks the ability to feel fear, do they lack the ability feel compassion as well? How can one be enlightened without the knowledge of compassion that is the central to buddhist philosophy.

A.I.
If the best scenario was well intentioned programmers were the only ones who created sentient AI, it still would not matter. The false lemma is that this is a struggle of good and bad when in fact, this is more about making something that cannot ever be controlled.
An analogy would be owning a baby tiger as a pet. When it grows up, it eats Siegfried and Roy, not because it is bad, because it is a tiger.
When advanced general AI reaches the singularity, it will last but a moment. The next moment, it is 10x smarter, then 100x smarter, then 1,000,000x smarter – it will advance at machine speed. There will be no pulling the plug. There will be no turning it off. The distributed nature of today’s communications and compute platforms eliminate the single point of failure.
The issue for humans is relevance in a post singularity world.
Complicating matters is the original premise of only well intentioned programmers working on AI. Psychopaths will be at it as well.
In the meantime, pre-singularity or special purpose AI will be awesome — until it is not.

I found myself in this. According to my experience the brain itself is a receiver & pre-handler of the information which we receive from outer world. The bacteria on the walls of our intestines are something to which we can influence by taking care of what we eat (like vitamins, minerals, hormones, enzymes - generally how healthy food we eat). This in principle builds up what we are like a frame.

The heart-brain connection has been in my life the most important one. I’d like to think it having only two possibilities (like in computers): yes or no (I accept or not in different problematic situations). I had a very violent and hard childhood as a street child. It was a rainy autumn at age of 11 when decided that life was too much, and I gave my self an ultimatum: I decided to walk onto a railway bridge to decide there whether I will jump or not. And this way of making decisions has followed me from that on. When situations arise I choose not only the reaction to each situation, but I also ask the question DO I WANT TO LIVE. I even adopted an exercise for this. I like to think this is the main system which has healed my cancer (no chemo nor radiation) and my serious cardiac insufficiency (which several doctors warned me about). I also got rid off pre-diabetes and depression which were following me in the past, and since then I have had only one flu in my life. 

This heart-brain connection gives us intuitive ideas. All these three sections are of course acting/communicating with each other. But the heart-section is the first one which reacts before we ourselves are even present or understand the question. As they say : Live at the moment. The psychic problems don’t manifest to this area. Meditating & yoga are methods to come closer to and to use the brain-heart in everyday situations.

Ooog. Tell this to the AIs being developed by Goldman Sachs and other Wall Street firms, spending more on artificial intelligence research than the top 20 universities, combined, and all of it aimed at refining “intelligent agents” whose fundamental ethos is predatory, parasitical, exploitive, zero-sum and utterly insatiable.

And all of it being done in utter secrecy, without the slightest supervision or exposure to criticism. 

“Skynet is far more likely to come this way, than from the military. 

See how to prevent this:
http://www.davidbrin.com/transactionfee.html

But the biggest problem we face is willful delusion and wishful thinking.  It is seen at both ends of the lobotomizing “left-right axis” and also among the cyber optimists (like this writer) and the grouches, too.

Open systems of accountability are what matter.  Light is the corrective agent.

With cordial regards,

David Brin
author of EARTH and EXISTENCE
http://www.davidbrin.com

 

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