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#56 - Turner on Rules for Robots

Philosophical Disquisitions

In this episode I talk to Jacob Turner. Jacob is a barrister and author. We chat about his new book, Robot Rules: Regulating Artificial Intelligence (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018), which discusses how to address legal responsibility, rights and ethics for AI.

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Alexandre Maurer

Jacques Testart transhumaniste?

by Alexandre Maurer

Petite tribune sur les récents propos “étonnamment transhumanistes” de Jacques Testart. Et sur la triste stratégie de l’”épouvantail transhumaniste”, largement pratiquée en France.

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Ojochogwu Abdul

Reflections on James Hughes’ Problems of Transhumanism (Part 4)

by Ojochogwu Abdul

Part 4: Moral Universalism vs. Relativism

James Hughes’ essays on the problems of transhumanism continue with a discussion on conflicts, borrowed from the Enlightenment, between universalism and relativism within transhumanism. The Enlightenment event (European and global), in addition to its attack and severance of the roots of traditional European culture in the sacred, magic, kingship, and hierarchy, thereby secularizing all institutions and ideas, also (intellectually and to some extent in practice) effectively set on course the demolition of all legitimizing basis of monarchy, aristocracy, woman’s subordination to man, ecclesiastical authority, and slavery. These were replaced with the principles of universality, equality, and democracy. Included in this was also an argument for moral universalism, a position that ethics and law should apply equally to all humans.

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CFP Delphi: Interdisciplinary Review of Emerging Technologies

Delphi: Interdisciplinary Review of Emerging Technologies

Delphi is a pioneering interdisciplinary review of emerging technologies as seen through the perspectives of experts from the fields of science and technology, ethics, economics, business and law. Inspired by the idea to encourage inclusive, thoughtful – and sometimes unsettling – debates on the many opportunities and challenges created by technological progress, the international quarterly review brings together authors with different professional backgrounds as well as opposing views. Contributions to Delphi come in compact formats and accessible language to guarantee a lively dialogue involving both thinkers and doers.

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#55 - Baum on the Long-Term Future of Human Civilisation

Philosophical Disquisitions

In this episode I talk to Seth Baum. Seth is an interdisciplinary researcher working across a wide range of fields in natural and social science, engineering, philosophy, and policy. His primary research focus is global catastrophic risk. He also works in astrobiology. He is the Co-Founder (with Tony Barrett) and Executive Director of the Global Catastrophic Risk Institute. He is also a Research Affiliate of the University of Cambridge Centre for the Study of Existential Risk. We talk about the importance of studying the long-term future of human civilisation, and map out four possible trajectories for the long-term future. 

You can download the episode here

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IEET Managing Director Steven Umbrello Publishes new paper on Lethal Autonomous Weapons

https://delphi.lexxion.eu/article/DELPHI/2019/1/7

Lethal Autonomous Weapons (LAWs) have becomes the subject of continuous debate both at national and international levels.

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IEET fellow Riccardo Campa Co-Authors new Paper on Space Mining

Technological Forecasting & Social Change

IEET fellow Riccardo Campa co-authors paper on space colonization with Konrad Szocik and Martin Braddock. The team envisions the prospect of asteroid mining and argue that fully automated space colonization (FASC) could be a solution to prevent unwanted side effects of the Singularity, such as competition for resources between humankind and a hostile Artificial Intelligence. The article appeared in Technological Forecasting & Social Change, on April 8th, 2019.

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IEET Managing Director Steven Umbrello Publishes New Paper on Technology Design

Science and Engineering Ethics

Safe-by-design (SBD) frameworks for the development of emerging technologies have become an ever more popular means by which scholars argue that transformative emerging technologies can safely incorporate human values.

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Ojochogwu Abdul

Reflections on James Hughes’ Problems of Transhumanism (Part 3)

by Ojochogwu Abdul

“Transhumanists, like Enlightenment partisans in general, believe that human nature can be improved but are conflicted about whether liberal democracy is the best path to betterment. The liberal tradition within the Enlightenment has argued that individuals are best at finding their own interests and should be left to improve themselves in self-determined ways. But many people are mistaken about their own best interests, and more rational elites may have a better understanding of the general good. Enlightenment partisans have often made a case for modernizing monarchs and scientific dictatorships. Transhumanists need to confront this tendency to disparage liberal democracy in favor of the rule by dei ex machina and technocratic elites.” (James Hughes, 2010)

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Julien Varlin

Séquencer son ADN : comment fait-on ? que dit la loi ? quels sont les enjeux ?

by Julien Varlin

Par Julien Varlin, membre de l’association.

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Episode #54 - Sebo on the Moral Problem of Other Minds

Philosophical Disquisitions Podcast

In this episode I talk to Jeff Sebo. Jeff is a Clinical Assistant Professor of Environmental Studies, Affiliated Professor of Bioethics, Medical Ethics, and Philosophy, and Director of the Animal Studies M.A. Program at New York University.  Jeff’s research focuses on bioethics, animal ethics, and environmental ethics. He has two co-authored books Chimpanzee Rights and Food, Animals, and the Environment. We talk about something Jeff calls the ‘moral problem of other minds’, which is roughly the problem of what we should to if we aren’t sure whether another being is sentient or not.

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Ojochogwu Abdul

Reflections on James Hughes’ Problems of Transhumanism (Part 2)

by Ojochogwu Abdul

“The dominant trajectory of Enlightenment thought over the last three hundred years has been towards atheism. Most transhumanists are atheists. But some transhumanists, like many of the original Enlightenment thinkers, are attempting to reconcile naturalism and their religious traditions. Some transhumanists even believe that the transcendent potentials of intelligence argue for a new form of scientific theology.” (James Hughes, 2010)

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Ojochogwu Abdul

Reflections on James Hughes’ Problems of Transhumanism (Part 1)

by Ojochogwu Abdul

In 2010, James Hughes, Executive Director of the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies (IEET), having then just stepped down from the Board of Directors of the World Transhumanist Association (presently known as Humanity+), took up an interesting challenge during the Spring of that year to reflect on the current state of transhumanist thought and determine what the questions were that the transhumanist movement needed to answer in order to move forward. Introducing a series of articles with which he hoped to navigate through a number of heady ideas and issues concerning transhumanism, Hughes opens by posing: “What are the current unresolved issues in transhumanist thought? Which of these issues are peculiar to transhumanist philosophy and the transhumanist movement, and which are more actually general problems of Enlightenment thought?” Further, he queried, “Which of these are simply inevitable differences of opinion among the more or less like-minded, and which need a decisive resolution to avoid tragic errors of the past?”

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Marcelo Rinesi

AIs are scapegoats and it’s us who end up bleeding

by Marcelo Rinesi

No AI built today has anything remotely approaching consciousness or personhood; the unstable mess of a Windows operating system is structurally more life-like than any of them. So why the increasing focus on robot ethics?

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Episode #51 - Moen on the Unabomber’s Ethics

Philosophical Disquisitions Podcast

In this episode I talk to Ole Martin Moen. Ole Martin is a Research Fellow in Philosophy at the University of Oslo. He works on how to think straight about thorny issues in applied ethics. He is the Principal Investigator of “What should not be bought and sold?”, a $1 million research project funded by the Research Council of Norway. In the past, he has written articles about the ethics of prostitution, the desirability of cryonics, the problem of wild animal suffering and the case for philosophical hedonism. Along with his collaborator, Aksel Braanen Sterri, he runs a podcast, Moralistene (in Norwegian), and he regularly discusses moral issues behind the news on Norwegian national radio. We talk about a potentially controversial topic: the anti-tech philosophy of the Unabomber, Ted Kaczysnki, and what’s wrong with it.

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Laurens Vaddeli

Les promesses de la réalité virtuelle : ce qu’elle va changer

by Laurens Vaddeli

Les promesses de la réalité virtuelle : ce qu’elle va changer

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Episode #48 - Gunkel on Robot Rights

Philosophical Disquisitions Podcast

In this episode I talk to David Gunkel. David is a repeat guest, having first appeared on the show in Episode 10. David a Professor of Communication Studies at Northern Illinois University. He is a leading scholar in the philosophy of technology, having written extensively about cyborgification, robot rights and responsibilities, remix cultures, new political structures in the information age and much much more. He is the author of several books, including Hacking Cyberspace, The Machine Question, Of Remixology, Gaming the System and, most recently, Robot Rights. We have a long debate/conversation about whether or not robots should/could have rights.

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A team of researchers including IEET fellow Riccardo Campa explains why genetic enhancement is needed for crewed Mars mission

Changing the Paradigm on Human Enhancements: The Special Case of Modifications to Counter Bone Loss for Manned Mars Missions

A team of researchers including IEET fellow Riccardo Campa explains why genetic enhancement is needed for crewed Mars mission. Space colonization is not just a matter of rockets and spacesuits. The article appeared on Space Policy on March 19th, 2019.

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Alexandre Maurer

Réponse au journal Le Monde : “La résistible ascension du transhumanisme”

by Alexandre Maurer

Réponse au journal Le Monde, suite à son article : “La résistible ascension du transhumanisme”

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Episode #46 - Minerva on the Ethics of Cryonics

Philosophical Disquisitions Podcast

In this episode I talk to Francesca Minerva. Francesca is a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Ghent. Her research focuses on applied philosophy, specifically lookism, conscientious objection, abortion, academic freedom, and cryonics. She has published many articles on these topics in some of the leading academic journals in ethics and philosophy, including the Journal of Medical Ethics, Bioethics, Cambridge Quarterly Review of Ethicsand the Hastings Centre Report. We talk about life, death and the wisdom and ethics of cryonics.

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Alexandre Maurer

“Alita : Battle Angel” : qu’est-ce qu’être “humain”?

by Alexandre Maurer

Réflexion sur le film “Alita : Battle Angel” (et petite critique à la fin).

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Aubrey de Grey - Robust Mouse Rejuvenation only 3 years away? An update on Anti-Aging Research

Aubrey de Grey is an author and biomedical gerontologist. He is the Chief Science Officer of the SENS Research Foundation and VP of New Technology Discovery at AgeX Therapeutics, Inc. He is editor-in-chief of the academic journal Rejuvenation Research, author of The Mitochondrial Free Radical Theory of Aging (1999) and co-author of Ending Aging (2007). He is known for his view that medical technology may enable human beings alive today not to die from age-related causes.  He is also an amateur mathematician who has contributed to the study of the Hadwiger–Nelson problem.

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Alexandre Maurer

Jacques Testart transhumaniste?

by Alexandre Maurer

Petite tribune sur les récents propos “étonnamment transhumanistes” de Jacques Testart. Et sur la triste stratégie de l’”épouvantail transhumaniste”, largement pratiquée en France.

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Sorgner’s Philosophical Approach is a “point of refence that contemporary culture cannot ignore” (Vattimo)

Übermensch

In the March 2019 edition of the German equivalent of “The Atlantic”, the “Cicero Kulturmagazin”, you will find a detailed interview, which is entitled “Der Übermensch ist unsere Hoffnung” (“The Overhuman is our Hope”). Here, the well-known journalist Alexander Kissler interviews the new realist Markus Gabriel, a bestselling author, and philosophy professor at the University of Bonn, and IEET FEllow and JCU philosophy professor Stefan Lorenz Sorgner about topics of Sorgner’s new monograph, entitled “Übermensch. Ein Plädoyer für einen Nietzscheanischen Transhumanismus” (“Overhuman. A Plea for a Nietzschean Transhumanism”), as well as many other topics which are of pressing current relevance. The interview reveals the enormous tension between these two philosophical approaches. The journal, which has a readership of more than 550000 and is being read by more than 125000 decision makers, is available from the 28th of February 2019.

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Marc Roux

The hedonic treadmill (4/4) : Améliorer notre accès au bonheur ?

by Marc Roux

Les processus biologiques qui conduisent au plaisir et au bonheur sont très complexes et sensibles. Quelles conséquences pourraient découler d’une modulation transhumaniste de cette subtile alchimie ?

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Alexandre Maurer

[Vidéo] AI Superpowers : automatisation, chômage et utilité social

by Alexandre Maurer

[Vidéo] AI Superpowers : automatisation, chômage et utilité sociale

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Alexandre Maurer

[Vidéo] Le transhumanisme sera-t-il réservé aux riches ?

by Alexandre Maurer

Très brève vidéo sur une question qui revient très souvent…

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EMG

SMI²LE : les voyages de Timothy Leary

by EMG

Timothy Leary (1920-1996) marqua de son empreinte l’évolution du mouvement progressiste et techno optimiste des années 70 à 90. Cet article fait partie de la série “Histoire du transhumanisme”.

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EMG

De l’invisibilité du changement

by EMG

Le mind uploading, ou bio-exode, sera-t-il l’exode rural du XXIème siècle ?

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Alexandre Maurer

[Vidéo] Pourquoi faire reconnaître le vieillissement comme une maladie ?

by Alexandre Maurer

[Vidéo] Pourquoi faire reconnaître le vieillissement comme une maladie ?

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Email: director @ ieet.org