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Technoprogressive? BioConservative? Huh?
Overview of technopolitics

whats new at ieet

Stefan Sorgner Edits New Book Series on Posthuman Studies

La “roue hédonique” (1/3) : Du plaisir

Must A Human Be An Ape?  The Ultimate Problem of Self-Classification

Interview de Science4All : Peut-on être complémentaire de l’intelligence artificielle ?

The Future of the European Union

La gestation ex vivo, où en est-on ?

ieet books

Pourquoi le transhumanisme?
Alexandre Technoprog

Still Think Robots Can’t Do Your Job?: Essays on Automation and Technological Unemployment
Riccardo Campa

Longevity Promotion: Multidisciplinary Perspectives
Illia Stambler

Philosophy’s Future: The Problem of Philosophical Progress
Russell Blackford and Damien Broderick eds.


Enframing the Flesh: Heidegger, Transhumanism, and the Body as “Standing Reserve”

Moral Enhancement and Political Realism

Intelligent Technologies and Lost Life


Journal of Evolution and Technology - Books by IEET Authors

Journal of Evolution and Technology

The Journal of Evolution and Technology (JET) is a scholarly peer-reviewed journal published by the IEET. JET welcomes submissions on subject matters that many mainstream journals shun as too speculative, radical, or interdisciplinary on all issues relating to the future prospects of the human species and its descendants. Since its inception in 1998, JET has had five editors-in-chief: Dr. Nick Bostrom, Dr. Robin Hanson, Dr. Mark Walker, Dr. James Hughes and and (currently) Dr. Russell Blackford.

All submissions deemed to be of sufficient quality to merit consideration are reviewed by internal and external reviewers. Historically, the journal has had an acceptance rate of roughly 25%. Submission guidelines here.

Recent Books by IEET Fellows and Staff

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Pourquoi le transhumanisme?  (2018)
by Alexandre Technoprog

Le transhumanisme est un courant de pensée favorable au dépassement de nos limites biologiques par la technologie : allongement de la durée de vie, augmentation cognitive… Objet de craintes et de fantasmes, il est souvent mal compris, déformé et caricaturé. Dans ce petit livre, j’explique pourquoi ce mouvement me semble, du moins sous une certaine forme, positif et digne d’être soutenu. J’espère convaincre au moins quelques lecteurs sceptiques !

Still Think Robots Can’t Do Your Job?: Essays on Automation and Technological Unemployment  (2018)
by Riccardo Campa

Is Artificial Intelligence qualitatively different from other means of economizing the use of labor? Are we on the edge of a jobless society? If yes, are we ready for it? These are a few of the questions discussed in this collection of academic works. This book traces a brief history of the concept of technological unemployment; proposes a short-term scenario analysis concerning the relations between automation, education, and unemployment; analyzes the most recent literature on social robotics; examines the possible futures generated by the development of intelligent machines; shows the relation between automation and unemployment in an Italian case study; considers the impact if machines become effective pursuers of knowledge or even conscious; and addresses the role of serendipity in the development of science and technology.

Longevity Promotion: Multidisciplinary Perspectives  (2017)
by Illia Stambler

This book considers the multidisciplinary aspects of longevity promotion, from the advocacy, historical, philosophical and scientific perspectives. The first part on longevity advocacy includes examples of pro-longevity campaigns, outreach materials, frequent debates and policy suggestions and frameworks that may assist in the promotion of research and development for healthy longevity. The second part on longevity history includes analyses of the definition of life-extensionism as a social and intellectual movement, the dialectics of reductionism vs. holism and the significance of the concept of constancy in the history of life extension research, an historical overview of evolutionary theories of aging, and a tribute to one of the founding figures of modern longevity science. The third part on longevity philosophy surveys the aspirations and supportive arguments for increasing healthy longevity in the philosophical and religious traditions of ancient Greece, India, the Middle East, in particular in Islam and Judaism, and the Christian tradition. Finally, the fourth part on longevity science includes brief discussions of some of the scientific issues in life extension research, in particular regarding some potential interventions to ameliorate degenerative aging, some methodological issues with diagnosing and treating degenerative aging as a medical condition, the application of information theory for aging and longevity research, some potential physical means for life extension, and some resources for further consideration. These discussions are in no way exhaustive, but are intended to simulate additional interest, consultation and study of longevity science and its social and cultural implications. It is hoped that this book will contribute to broadening, diversifying and strengthening the academic and public deliberation on the prospects of healthy life extension for the entire population. The setting and careful consideration of a goal may be seen as a first step toward its accomplishment.

Philosophy’s Future: The Problem of Philosophical Progress  (2017)
by Russell Blackford and Damien Broderick eds.

Philosophy’s Future: The Problem of Philosophical Progress diagnoses the state of philosophy as an academic discipline and calls it to account, inviting further reflection and dialogue on its cultural value and capacity for future evolution.
- Offers the most up-to-date treatment of the intellectual and cultural value of contemporary philosophy from a wide range of perspectives
- Features contributions from distinguished philosophers such as Frank Jackson, Karen Green, Timothy Williamson, Jessica Wilson, and many others
- Explores the ways philosophical investigations of logic, world, mind, and moral responsibility continue to shape the empirical and theoretical sciences
- Considers the role of contemporary philosophy in political issues such as women’s rights, the discrimination of minorities, and public health

Conversations with the Future: 21 Visions for the 21st Century  (2017)
by Nikola Danaylov

For generations, humanity stared at the vastness of the oceans and wondered, “What if?” Today, having explored the curves of the Earth, we now stare at endless stars and wonder, “What if?” Our technology has brought us to the make-or-break moment in human history. We can either grow complacent, and go extinct like the dinosaurs, or spread throughout the cosmos, as Carl Sagan dreamed of. What if your toothbrush becomes smarter than you? What happens to your business, your country, your planet and yourself? What if your car doesn’t need a driver anymore? What if we don’t need to age and die? What if machines are smarter than us? What if, instead of fear of the future – you see opportunity, instead of an end – you see a beginning, instead of loss – you see profit, and instead of death – you see life? What if you and your organization get future-primed? For many years Nikola Danaylov has been interviewing the future and motivating people all over the world to embrace rather than fear it. “Conversations with the Future” was born from those interviews and Nik’s unceasing need to explore “What If” with some of the most forward thinking visionaries in the world today.

Surviving the Machine Age: Intelligent Technology and the Transformation of Human Work  (2017)
by Kevin LaGrandeur and James Hughes eds.

This book examines the current state of the technologically-caused unemployed, and attempts to answer the question of how to proceed into an era beyond technological unemployment. Beginning with an overview of the most salient issues, the experts collected in this work present their own novel visions of the future and offer suggestions for adapting to a more symbiotic economic relationship with AI. These suggestions include different modes of dealing with education, aging workers, government policies, and the machines themselves. Ultimately, they lay out a whole new approach to economics, one in which we learn to merge with and adapt to our increasingly intelligent creations.

Chasing Shadows: Visions of Our Coming Transparent World  (2017)
by David Brin

IEET Fellow David Brin and scholar Stephen W. Potts have compiled essays and short stories from writers such as Robert J. Sawyer, James Morrow, William Gibson, Damon Knight, Jack McDevitt, and many others to examine the benefits and pitfalls of technological transparency in all its permutations. 
Do we answer surveillance with sousveillance, shining accountability upward?
Will we spiral into busybody judgmentalism? Or might people choose to leave each other alone?
Will empathy increase or decrease in a more transparent world?
What if we could own our information, and buy and sell it in a web bazaar?

TECHNOPROG, le transhumanisme au service du progrès social  (2016)
by Marc Roux and Didier Coeurnelle

Marc Roux and Didier Coeurnelle retrace the history of transhumanism, its promises, its controversies, its excesses, its objectives, its prospects and its program for the future of humanity. They describe all the improvements and the range of technological prowess to live happier, healthy and much longer: connected implants, hybridization man-machine cyborgs, bio-printing 3D brain increased, artificial intelligence, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology , cognitive sciences, etc. This book introduces a technoprogressive approach to environmental issues, health and social problems.

Philosophical Ethics: Theory and Practice  (2016)
by John G Messerly

This work investigates the strengths and weaknesses of major ethical theories of the Western philosophical tradition including: egoism, relativism, divine command theory; natural law; social contract, deontology, utilitarianism, existentialism, and evolutionary ethics. The book also considers moral problems like abortion, euthanasia, and biotechnology. In addition, the book discusses death and its possible defeat by future technologies. It concludes by outlining a view of the meaning of life.

eHuman Deception  (2016)
by Nicole Sallak Anderson

The Great Shift is coming…are you ready to Jump?

With Edgar Prince and the one world government imprisoned in limbo for the next one hundred years, a new Golden Age of eHumanity has begun. Evelyn Prince, the creator or Neuro and Edgar’s daughter, joins Origen and the rebels to build a new world—where eHumanity will finally be free to live up to its potential. Adam and Dawn celebrate this victory in their own way, by setting out on a quest to find evidence that carbon-based humans might have survived the Great Shift.

Part 2 of the eHuman Trilogy by IEET Advisory Board member Nicole Sallak Anderson

Keywords for Environmental Studies  (2016)
by eds. Joni Adamson, William A. Gleason, David N. Pellow

Includes essay on “Biopolitics” from IEET Executive Director J. Hughes. Keywords for Environmental Studies analyzes the central terms and debates currently structuring the most exciting research in and across environmental studies, including the environmental humanities, environmental social sciences, sustainability sciences, and the sciences of nature. Sixty essays from humanists, social scientists, and scientists, each written about a single term, reveal the broad range of quantitative and qualitative approaches critical to the state of the field today. From “ecotourism” to “ecoterrorism,” from “genome” to “species,” this accessible volume illustrates the ways in which scholars are collaborating across disciplinary boundaries to reach shared understandings of key issues—such as extreme weather events or increasing global environmental inequities— in order to facilitate the pursuit of broad collective goals and actions. This book underscores the crucial realization that every discipline has a stake in the central environmental questions of our time, and that interdisciplinary conversations not only enhance, but are requisite to environmental studies today.

Free Money for All: A Basic Income Guarantee Solution for the Twenty-First Century  (2015)
by Mark Walker

A basic income guarantee (BIG) is a payment by the federal government to all adult citizens. This book uses the United States as its model and sets the minimum income at $10,000 USD. Free Money for All seeks to show that not only is a basic income guarantee a feasible model for public policy, it is a morally attractive proposal.  In this exciting new volume, Walker argues that BIG promotes three positive outcomes - social stability, gross national happiness, and gross national freedom - unlike alternate proposals such as socialism, laissez-faire capitalism, and the traditional welfare state. He uses a philosophical perspective to defend BIG against the claim that the promotion of social goals egregiously infringes the requirements of justice. Free Money for All employs a novel twist on the though that BIG can be supported by the idea of a social dividend.

The Brain: The Story of You  (2015)
by David Eagleman

Join renowned neuroscientist and IEET Fellow David Eagleman for a journey into the questions at the mysterious heart of our existence. What is reality? Who are “you”? How do you make decisions? Why does your brain need other people? How is technology poised to change what it means to be human?  In the course of his investigations, Eagleman guides us through the world of extreme sports, criminal justice, facial expressions, genocide, brain surgery, gut feelings, robotics, and the search for immortality.  Strap in for a whistle-stop tour into the inner cosmos. In the infinitely dense tangle of billions of brain cells and their trillions of connections, something emerges that you might not have expected to see in there: you.

The Suicide of the Jews: A Cautionary Tale  (2015)
by Tsvi Bisk

In this unconventional book, Tsvi Bisk asks: is the purpose of Zionism to recreate the Jewish past, or to create an alternative Jewish future that serves to redeem the past? Do the events of history determine how we must act by mindlessly following its tracks, or is their role to inspire us in how to manage the future? The Suicide of the Jews is a fable from the future; a cautionary tale about one of the noblest and bravest endeavors in human history - a story of unsurpassed idealism, heroism, invention and imagination. It is the story of a country which, in its infancy, inspired the entire world with its achievements and ability to survive in the face of overwhelming odds, but which may yet self- destruct as a result of policies that cling to the past rather than respond to the demands of the 21st century. The Suicide of the Jews is a ruthlessly logical extrapolation of current events that will please neither the left nor the right – a wake-up call to be heeded by all.

Surviving AI: The promise and peril of artificial intelligence  (2015)
by Calum Chace

“Surviving AI” is a concise, easy-to-read guide to what’s coming, taking you through technological unemployment (the economic singularity) and the possible creation of a superintelligence (the technological singularity).

The End of the Beginning: Life, Society and Economy on the Brink of the Singularity  (2015)
by Ben Goertzel

Chapter One: Predicting the Age of Post-Human Intelligences, by Ted Goertzel and Ben Goertzel
Chapter Two: A Tale of Two Transitions, by Robin Hanson
Chapter Three: Longer Lives on the Brink of Global Population Contraction: A Report from 2040, by Max More
Chapter Four: Implanting Post-Human Intelligence in Human Bodies, by John Hewitt
Chapter Five: The Singularity and the Methuselarity: Similarities and Differences, by Aubrey de Grey
Chapter Six: Robotics and AI: Impacts Felt on Every Aspect of Our Future World, by Daryl Nazareth
Chapter Seven: Robotics, AI, the Luddite Fallacy and the Future of the Job Market, by Wayne Radinsky
Chapter Eight: Moral Responsibility and Autonomous Machines, by David Burke
Chapter Nine: How Will the Artilect War Start?, by Hugo de Garis
Chapter Ten: Return to Eden? Promises and Perils on the Road to Global Superintelligence, by Francis Heylighen
Chapter Eleven: Distributing Cognition: From Local Brains to the Global Brain, by Clément Vidal
Chapter Twelve: A World of Views: A World of Interacting Post-human Intelligences, by Viktoras Veitas and David Weinbaum (Weaver)
Chapter Thirteen: Chinese Perspectives on the Approach to the Singularity, by Mingyu Huang
Chapter Fourteen: Africa Today and the Shadow of the Coming Singularity, by Hruy Tsegaye
Chapter Fifteen: The World’s First Decentralized System for Financial and Legal Transaction, by Chris Odom
Chapter Sixteen: Beyond Money: Offer Networks, a Potential Infrastructure for a Post-Money Economy, by Ben Goertzel
Chapter Seventeen: Sousveillance and AGI, by Ben Goertzel and Stephan Vladimir Bugaj
Chapter Eighteen: The Future of Human Nature, by Ben Goertzel
Chapter Nineteen: Capitalism, Socialism, Singularitarianism, by Ted Goertzel
Chapter Twenty: Toward a Human-Friendly Post-Singularity World, by Ben Goertzel
Chapter Twenty-one: Looking Backward from 2100, by Ben Goertzel and Ted Goertzel

Humans and Automata A Social Study of Robotics  (2015)
by Riccardo Campa

The book takes a close look at the social dimensions of robotics. It examines some of the projects on which robotic engineers are presently working, explores the dreams and hopes connected with these undertakings and determines if there is a relation between automation and unemployment within the socio-economic system. Furthermore, it explores the possible futures generated by the development of artificial intelligence and outlines the core ideas of roboethics. Last not least, it examines the systems of military robots, with special emphasis on the ethical issues raised by the design, construction and utilization of these systems of weaponry.

The End: What Science and Religion Tell Us about the Apocalypse  (2015)
by Phil Torres

We live in a genuinely unique period of human history, one in which the alarmist’s hackneyed warning that “The end is near!” could actually come true. The world is cluttered with increasingly powerful advanced technologies. Global warming and biodiversity loss are unchecked catastrophes that will likely push society to the brink of collapse. How are we to respond to this situation? What can we do to maximize the probability of a positive outcome for our species? The End surveys the expanding wilderness of big-picture hazards before us. It offers a comprehensive and detailed analysis of our evolving existential predicament, which includes risks from synthetic biology, nanotechnology, nuclear weaponry, and (possibly, soon) superintelligence. But understanding the science of risks isn’t enough to effectively mitigate them: one must also understand the social, political, and especially religious contexts in which advanced technologies are being developed. The End provides this knowledge by showing how faith-based belief in religious eschatologies (or end-times narratives) is inching us ever closer to a secular apocalypse. Action needs to be taken immediately to avert a disaster. The question is whether humanity will choose reason over faith, observation over revelation, and science over religion.

Singolarità  (2015)
by David Orban

Da quando l’uomo si è affacciato sul pianeta, con un impatto sempre più ampio e profondo sulla sua evoluzione, ci si chiede se rappresenta un elemento unico e irripetibile. La sua intelligenza potrà essere replicata? E se questo avvenisse, sarà una novità sconvolgente, pari alla discontinuità dell’arrivo dell’uomo? Che cosa succederà all’umanità? Sono domande diventate oggetto di studio nella Silicon Valley, dove è nata la Singularity University. La singolarità tecnologica è il momento in cui l’intelligenza artificiale potrebbe prendere il sopravvento. Previsto per 20-30 anni da oggi, per molti esperti è uno dei momenti più promettenti ma anche più pericolosi della storia dell’umanità. Questo libro espone in modo accessibile quali sono le conseguenze dell’accelerazione del cambiamento tecnologico esponenziale e come le intelligenze artificiali cambieranno molte, forse tutte, le regole che guidano la nostra conoscenza del mondo.

Envisioning Politics 2.0  (2015)
by David Wood and Alexander Karran eds.

Table of contents
1.) Zoltan Istvan’s “Teleological Egocentric Functionalism”: a libertarian philosophical basis for “Transhumanist” politics? – by Roland Benedikter, Katja Siepmann, and Annabella McIntosh
2.) Four political futures: which will you choose? – by David W Wood
3.) How do governments add value to society? – by Bruce Lloyd
4.) The benefits of digital democracy – by Walter L.S. Burrough and Kay Firth-Butterfield
5.) Cyborgization: a possible solution to errors in human decision making – by Dana Edwards and Alexander J Karran
6.) Of mind and money: post-scarcity economics and human nature – by Stuart Mason Dambrot
7.) Voluntary basic incomes in a reputation economy – by Michael Hrenka
8.) Specifications: an engineer’s approach to upgrading politics – by René Milan
9.) Extended longevity: an argument for increased social commitment – by MH Wake
10.) Longevity, artificial intelligence and existential risks: opportunities and dangers – by Didier Coeurnelle
11.) Prolegomena to any future transhumanist politics – by Steve Fuller

The Future of Business  (2015)
by Ed. Rohit Talwar

The Future of Business is the first book in the FutureScapes series. With essays from more than 60 contributing authors, including IEET Affiliate Scholar BJ Murphy and IEET Advisor Gray Scott. The book focuses on the critical social and economic forces, business trends, disruptive technologies, breakthrough developments in science and new ideas that could reshape the commercial environment over the next two decades. It explores how these future factors could come together to force a fundamental rethinking of the purpose,  strategy, business models, values and structures of organizations as they seek to survive and thrive in a rapidly changing reality. The Future of Business explores the business implications of political, economic and social shifts, cybercurrencies, new business models, and the long term impact of disruptive developments such as neurotechnologies, gene editing, 3D printing, new energy solutions, AI and robotics. It explores the potential emergence of new industries and new organizational forms, and highlights practical strategies for exploring and embedding the future.

A Dangerous Master: How to Keep Technology from Slipping Beyond Our Control  (2015)
by Wendell Wallach

We live in an age of awesome technological potential. From nanotechnology to synthetic organisms, new technologies stand to revolutionize whole domains of human experience. But with awesome potential comes awesome risk: drones can deliver a bomb as readily as they can a new smartphone; makers and hackers can 3D-print guns as well as tools; and supercomputers can short-circuit Wall Street just as easily as they can manage your portfolio.

One thing these technologies can’t do is answer the profound moral issues they raise. Who should be held accountable when they go wrong? What responsibility do we, as creators and users, have for the technologies we build? In A Dangerous Master, ethicist Wendell Wallach tackles such difficult questions with hard-earned authority, imploring both producers and consumers to face the moral ambiguities arising from our rapid technological growth. There is no doubt that scientific research and innovation are a source of promise and productivity, but, as Wallach, argues, technological development is at risk of becoming a juggernaut beyond human control. Examining the players, institutions, and values lobbying against meaningful regulation of everything from autonomous robots to designer drugs, A Dangerous Master proposes solutions for regaining control of our technological destiny.

Wallach’s nuanced study offers both stark warnings and hope, navigating both the fears and hype surrounding technological innovations. An engaging, masterful analysis of the elements we must manage in our quest to survive as a species, A Dangerous Master forces us to confront the practical—and moral—purposes of our creations.

Artificial Superintelligence: A Futuristic Approach  (2015)
by Roman Yampolskiy

Artificial Superintelligence: A Futuristic Approach discusses key topics such as:
- AI-Completeness theory and how it can be used to see if an artificial intelligent agent has attained human level intelligence
- Methods for safeguarding the invention of a superintelligent system that could theoretically be worth trillions of dollars
- Self-improving AI systems: definition, types, and limits
- The science of AI safety engineering, including machine ethics and robot rights
- Solutions for ensuring safe and secure confinement of superintelligent systems
- The future of superintelligence and why long-term prospects for humanity to remain as the dominant species on Earth are not great
Artificial Superintelligence: A Futuristic Approach is designed to become a foundational text for the new science of AI safety engineering. AI researchers and students, computer security researchers, futurists, and philosophers should find this an invaluable resource.

Who Are We?: Religious, Philosophical, Scientific and Transhumanist Theories Of Human Nature  (2015)
by John Messerly

Who Are We? Religious, Philosophical, Scientific, and Transhumanist Theories of Human Nature examines religious, philosophical, scientific and transhumanist theories of human nature. It begins by discussing various religious views of human nature—Confucianism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Judeo-Christianity. Then, it looks at the philosophical theories of human nature advanced by Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, Kant, Sartre, Marx and Freud. Next it turns to Darwin and the neo-Darwinians for insights into human nature from evolutionary biology. The book concludes by considering the future of human nature, especially how science and technology will transform human nature into something transhuman or post-human.

Codebreaking our future: Deciphering The Future’s Hidden Order  (2015)
by Michael Lee

In Codebreaking our future, IEET contributor Michael Lee examines the structural foundations of modern society and provides an overview of the four major challenges, or revolutions, that will dominate causal change for the remainder of the twenty-first century. He also explains his recently trademarked FutureFinder system, a computer programme which lists and ranks influences on social change, allowing societies, organisations and individuals to plot their trajectories into the future.

eHuman Dawn  (2015)
by Nicole Sallak Anderson

The Great Shift is coming…. are you ready to jump?

Fast forward to the year 2242—a world in which death, disease, war and famine have been conquered, and where everything, including humans, are devices on Neuro, a complex network operating system that is controlled via human thought. Adam Winter has lived for nearly two hundred years in an eHuman body—a man of metal, fiber optics and plastic, on a world where no one dies and no one is born. Paradise on earth—until Adam discovers that the World Government is cutting power to entire cities, and his own city is on the list!

Apex  (2015)
by Ramez Naam

The Explosive Conclusion to Nexus and Crux. Global unrest spreads through the US, China, and beyond. Secrets and lies set off shockwaves of anger, rippling from mind to mind. Riot police battle neurally-linked protestors. Armies are mobilized. Political orders fall. Nexus-driven revolution is in here.  Against this backdrop, a new breed of post-human children are growing into their powers. And a once-dead scientist, driven mad by her torture, is closing in on her plans to seize planet’s electronic systems, and re-forge everything in her image.  A new Apex species is here. The world will never be the same.

The Second Intelligent Species  (2015)
by Marshall Brain

IEET Fellow Marshall Brain’s latest book answers questions like:
- How will new computer vision systems affect the job market?
- How many people will become unemployed by the second intelligent species?
- What will happen to millions of newly unemployed workers?
- How can modern society and modern economies cope with run-away unemployment caused by robots?
- What will happen when the first sentient, conscious computer appears?
- What moral and ethical principles will guide the second intelligent species?
- Why do we see no extraterrestrials in our universe?

Anticipating Tomorrow’s Politics  (2015)
by Ed. David Wood

Just as technology can alter politics, so also can politics alter technology. The speed and direction of technological adoption is strongly influenced by social and psychological factors, by legislation, by subsidies, by incentives, and by the provision or restriction of public funding. Political action can impact all these factors, either for better or for worse. Anyone who cares about the future of technology needs, therefore, to care about the future of politics.

Table of contents
  An introduction to tomorrow’s politics, by David Wood
  Democratic Intelligence, by Stephen Oberauer
  The Case For Universal Prosperity, by Michael Hrenka
  Catalysing the Development of Artificial Intelligence Tools, by Roland Schiefer
  Anarchy beyond socialism and capitalism, by Waldemar Ingdahl
  Political Transhumanism and the Transhumanist Party, by M. Amon Twyman
  The Vision Thing, by René Milan
  The Zeitgeist of change, by Stuart Mason Dambrot
  Mediated Patent Equities For Accelerated Biomedical Research, by Maximo Ramallo
  Accelerating Politics, by Sally Morem

Post- and Transhumanism: An Introduction  (2015)
by Robert Ranisch and Stefan Lorenz Sorgner eds.

Scientific advances in genetics, neuroscience, and artificial intelligence signal the end of our traditional concept of the human being. The most vigorous movements dealing with this ongoing crisis of humanism are posthumanism and transhumanism. While posthumanism reconsiders what it means to be human, transhumanism actively promotes human enhancement. Both approaches address the posthuman condition in the technological age. In 20 articles, written by leading scholars of the field including the IEET’s Executive Director James Hughes and the volume’s co-editor and IEET Fellow Stefan Sorgner, this volume provides the first comprehensive introduction to debates beyond humanism.

How “God” Works: A Logical Inquiry on Faith  (2015)
by Marshall Brain

Does God exist? Using an intellectually rigorous, scientific approach, Marshall Brain—the founder of and author of the How Stuff Works series—sets out to resolve the eternal debate once and for all. With a compelling sense of curiosity, he breaks down mankind’s search for a higher power, tackling such quandaries as: Who is God? What are his attributes? What is God doing and why? How does God interact with humanity? And ultimately, how can humans know with certainty whether God is real or imaginary?How God Works is an enlightening journey in critical thinking that challenges readers to boldly approach the subject of personal faith and put aside intuition in favor of objectivity and logic.

Ten Years To the Singularity If We Really Really Try: ... and other Essays on AGI and its Implicatio  (2014)
by Ben Goertzel

Ray Kurzweil has projected the date for a Technological Singularity as 2045. AI researcher Ben Goertzel believes it could potentially happen much sooner, if appropriate attention and resources are focused on the right R&D projects. What current technologies are most likely to lead to the rapid advent of powerful Artificial General Intelligence systems? What impact will the advent of such technologies have upon human life? What philosophical, scientific and spiritual ideas should be deployed to explore such questions? How probable are Terminator type outcomes, versus friendlier scenarios where advanced artificial intelligences play a beneficent role to humanity and other sentiences? What should be our top priorities now, looking forward to a radically different AI-centric future? This book gathers together essays that Ben Goertzel wrote during the period 2009-2011, for H+ Magazine and other periodicals, which explore these issues from various directions. Each essay is presented along with a brief personal introduction discussing the context in which the essay was written, and reviewing relevant developments from the period 2012-2014.

Virtually Human: The Promise—-and the Peril—-of Digital Immortality  (2014)
by Martine Rothblatt

Virtually Human explores what the not-too-distant future will look like when cyberconsciousness—simulation of the human brain via software and computer technology—becomes part of our daily lives.  Meet Bina48, the world’s most sentient robot, commissioned by Martine Rothblatt and created by Hanson Robotics. Bina48 is a nascent Mindclone of Martine’s wife that can engage in conversation, answer questions, and even have spontaneous thoughts that are derived from multimedia data in a Mindfile created by the real Bina. If you’re active on Twitter or Facebook, share photos through Instagram, or blogging regularly, you’re already on your way to creating a Mindfile—a digital database of your thoughts, memories, feelings, and opinions that is essentially a back-up copy of your mind. Soon, this Mindfile can be made conscious with special software—Mindware—that mimics the way human brains organize information, create emotions and achieve self-awareness. This may sound like science-fiction, but the nascent technology already exists. Thousands of software engineers across the globe are working to create cyberconsciousness based on human consciousness and the Obama administration recently announced plans to invest in a decade-long Brain Activity Map project. Virtually Human is the only book to examine the ethical issues relating to cyberconsciousness and Rothblatt, with a Ph.D. in medical ethics, is uniquely qualified to lead the dialogue.

A Taxonomy and Metaphysics of Mind-Uploading  (2014)
by Keith Wiley

MIND-UPLOADING: the process of transferring one’s mind from the brain to a new substrate, generally a computer. It is the stuff of science fiction, immediately recognizable in contemporary literature and cinema. However, it has also become increasingly respectable—or at least approachable—within technological, neurological, and philosophical circles. This book begins with a rich taxonomy of hypothetical procedures by which mind-uploading might be achieved, even if only in the realm of thought experiment. This is likely the most thorough collection of such procedures yet compiled and should form the basis of any reader’s personal philosophy of mind and mind-uploading. It then offers one such philosophy of mind, along with an analysis and interpretation of the scenarios in the taxonomy through the lens of this philosophy. This book will be an important component of any curious reader’s developing philosophy of mind and mind-uploading.
“Starting with a very useful description of the ways that minds may be uploaded in the future, this book steps through some of the key philosophical issues that mind uploading poses. What is consciousness? Is there personal identity? What would the relationship of an organic person be to his mind clone? If we can copy minds would that mean there is no free will? This book makes a useful contribution to a debate that our children will undoubtedly have a stake in.”
—JAMES J. HUGHES PH.D. * Executive Director, Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies * Author, Citizen Cyborg: Why Democratic Societies Must Respond to the Redesigned Human of the Future

A History of Life-Extensionism in the Twentieth Century  (2014)
by Ilia Stambler

Radical life extension is desirable on ethical grounds and can be achieved through conscious scientific efforts. This work reviews 20th century life-extensionism, focusing on central authors such as Elie Metchnikoff, Bernard Shaw, Alexis Carrel, and Alexander Bogomolets. Their works are considered in the social and intellectual context of France (Chapter One), Germany, Austria, Romania and Switzerland (Chapter Two), Russia (Chapter Three), and the US and UK (Chapter Four).

Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies  (2014)
by Nick Bostrom

The human brain has some capabilities that the brains of other animals lack. It is to these distinctive capabilities that our species owes its dominant position. Other animals have stronger muscles or sharper claws, but we have cleverer brains.

If machine brains one day come to surpass human brains in general intelligence, then this new superintelligence could become very powerful. As the fate of the gorillas now depends more on us humans than on the gorillas themselves, so the fate of our species then would come to depend on the actions of the machine superintelligence.

But we have one advantage: we get to make the first move. Will it be possible to construct a seed AI or otherwise to engineer initial conditions so as to make an intelligence explosion survivable? How could one achieve a controlled detonation?

To get closer to an answer to this question, we must make our way through a fascinating landscape of topics and considerations. Read the book and learn about oracles, genies, singletons; about boxing methods, tripwires, and mind crime; about humanity’s cosmic endowment and differential technological development; indirect normativity, instrumental convergence, whole brain emulation and technology couplings; Malthusian economics and dystopian evolution; artificial intelligence, and biological
cognitive enhancement, and collective intelligence.

This profoundly ambitious and original book picks its way carefully through a vast tract of forbiddingly difficult intellectual terrain. Yet the writing is so lucid that it somehow makes it all seem easy. After an utterly engrossing journey that takes us to the frontiers of thinking about the human condition and the future of intelligent life, we find in Nick Bostrom’s work nothing less than a reconceptualization of the essential task of our time.

Intelligence Unbound: The Future of Uploaded and Machine Minds  (2014)
by Russell Blackford and Damien Broderick eds.

Introduction I: Machines of Loving Grace (Let’s Hope) 1
Damien Broderick

Introduction II: Bring on the Machines 11
Russell Blackford

1 How Conscience Apps and Caring Computers will Illuminate and Strengthen Human Morality 26
James J. Hughes

2 Threshold Leaps in Advanced Artificial Intelligence 35
Michael Anissimov

3 Who Knows Anything about Anything about AI? 46
Stuart Armstrong and Seán ÓhÉigeartaigh

4 Nine Ways to Bias Open-Source Artificial General Intelligence Toward Friendliness 61
Ben Goertzel and Joel Pitt

5 Feasible Mind Uploading 90
Randal A. Koene

6 Uploading: A Philosophical Analysis 102
David J. Chalmers

7 Mind Uploading: A Philosophical Counter-Analysis 119
Massimo Pigliucci

8 If You Upload, Will You Survive? 131
Joseph Corabi and Susan Schneider

9 On the Prudential Irrationality of Mind Uploading 146
Nicholas Agar

10 Uploading and Personal Identity 161
Mark Walker

11 Whole Brain Emulation: Invasive vs. Non-Invasive Methods 178
Naomi Wellington

12 The Future of Identity: Implications, Challenges, and Complications of Human/Machine Consciousness 193
Kathleen Ann Goonan

13 Practical Implications of Mind Uploading 201
Joe Strout

14 The Values and Directions of Uploaded Minds 212
Nicole Olson

15 The Enhanced Carnality of Post-Biological Life 222
Max More

16 Qualia Surfing 231
Richard Loosemore

17 Design of Life Expansion and the Human Mind 240
Natasha Vita-More

18 Against Immortality: Why Death is Better than the Alternative 248
Iain Thomson and James Bodington

19 The Pinocchio Syndrome and the Prosthetic Impulse 263
Victor Grech

20 Being Nice to Software Animals and Babies 279
Anders Sandberg

21 What Will It Be Like To Be an Emulation? 298
Robin Hanson

Afterword 310
Linda MacDonald Glenn

Between Ape and Artilect: Conversations with Pioneers of AGI and Other Transformative Technologies  (2014)
by Ben Goertzel ed.

Between Ape and Artilect is edited by IEET Fellow Ben Goertzel, and includes interviews with IEETers Aubrey de Grey, David Brin, Wendell Wallach, Giulio Prisco and Natasha Vita-More. During 2010-12, Dr. Goertzel conducted a series of textual interviews with researchers in various areas of cutting-edge science—artificial general intelligence, nanotechnology, life extension, neurotechnology, collective intelligence, mind uploading, body modification, neuro-spiritual transformation, and more. These interviews were published online in H+ Magazine, and are here gathered together in a single volume. The resulting series of dialogues treats a variety of social, futurological and scientific topics in a way that is accessible to the educated non-scientist, yet also deep and honest to the subtleties of the topics being discussed. Between Ape and Artilect is a must-read if you want the real views, opinions, ideas, muses and arguments of the people creating our future.

Table of Contents
Itamar Arel: AGI via Deep Learning
Pei Wang: What Do You Mean by “AI”?
Joscha Bach: Understanding the Mind
Hugo DeGaris: Will There be Cyborgs?
DeGaris Interviews Goertzel: Seeking the Sputnik of AGI
Linas Vepstas: AGI, Open Source and Our Economic Future
Joel Pitt: The Benefits of Open Source for AGI
Randal Koene: Substrate-Independent Minds
João Pedro de Magalhães: Ending Aging
Aubrey De Grey: Aging and AGI
David Brin: Sousveillance
J. Storrs Hall: Intelligent Nano Factories and Fogs
Mohamad Tarifi: AGI and the Emerging Peer-to-Peer Economy
Michael Anissimov: The Risks of Artificial Superintelligence
Muehlhauser & Goertzel: Rationality, Risk, and the Future of AGI
Paul Werbos: Will Humanity Survive?
Wendell Wallach: Machine Morality
Francis Heylighen: The Emerging Global Brain
Steve Omohundro: The Wisdom of the Global Brain and the Future of AGI
Alexandra Elbakyan: Beyond the Borg
Giulio Prisco: Technological Transcendence
Zhou Changle: Zen and the Art of Intelligent Robotics
Hugo DeGaris: Is God an Alien Mathematician?
Lincoln Cannon: The Most Transhumanist Religion?
Natasha Vita-More: Upgrading Humanity
Jeffery Martin & Mikey Siegel: Engineering Enlightenment

Human Purpose and Transhuman Potential: A Cosmic Vision for Our Future Evolution  (2014)
by Ted Chu

Formerly the chief economist of General Motors, IEET Affiliate Scholar Ted Chu displays enormous erudition in this expansive study of the trajectory of human and cosmic evolution. Chu celebrates the prospect of new forms of cosmic life that, he shows, will be the ultimate expression of humanity’s evolutionary purpose.

“Today we stand at a new frontier. We have within our sight—if not yet within our reach—a radically new human freedom. It is the freedom from our inborn genetic condition—the liberation from the constraints of our biological form. . . . The human era as we have known it is coming to an end. The posthuman era is about to begin.”

Chu establishes an interdisciplinary and evolutionary stance and then interrogates the ongoing transhumanist project from a rich variety of perspectives. He goes on to articulate a goal for humanity in the face of technological breakthroughs that beckon us toward previously unimagined potentials for progress—that is, if we can find the courage to consciously manage our own evolution. A new understanding of transhumanism emerges as he plumbs the depths of the world’s wisdom traditions and surveys the most cutting-edge evolutionary theories and scientific advances. While admitting that the pursuit of human happiness is appropriate and noble, Chu demonstrates why our ultimate purpose—our “new divine covenant”—is to serve the forward march of cosmic evolution through the transcendence of our own biology, thus making way for our evolutionary successors in the posthuman future.

Personality Capture and Emulation  (2014)
by William Sims Bainbridge

- The most comprehensive approach to cyber-immortality, based on real research
- Rigorously examines how a remarkable vision can actually be achieved
- The convergence of information, cognitive, and social sciences makes this a truly cross-disciplinary research topic

Personality Capture and Emulation is the gateway to an amazing future that actually may be achieved, enabling the preservation and simulation of human personalities at progressively higher levels of fidelity. This challenge is no longer the province merely of uninhibited visionaries, but has become a solid field of research, drawing upon a wide range of information technologies in human-centered computing and cyber-human systems. Even at modest levels of accomplishment, research in this emerging area requires convergence of cognitive, social, and cultural sciences, in cooperation with information engineering and artificial intelligence, thus stimulating new multidisciplinary perspectives. Therefore this book will inspire many specific research and development projects that will produce their own valuable outcomes, even as the totality of the work moves us closer to a major revolution in human life. Will it ever really be possible to transfer a human personality at death to a technology that permits continued life? Or will people come to see themselves as elements in a larger socio-cultural system, for which a societal information system can provide collective immortality even after the demise of individuals? A large number and variety of pilot studies and programming projects are offered as prototypes for research that innovators in many fields may exploit for the achievement of their own goals. Together, they provide an empirical basis to strengthen the intellectual quality of several current debates at the frontiers of the human and information sciences.


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