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World federalism, or world government, is the concept of a political body that would make, interpret and enforce international law. Inherent to the concept of a world government is the idea that nations would be required to pool sovereignty over some areas. In effect, a world government would add another level of administration above the existing national governments or provide coordination over areas national governments are not capable of adequately addressing as independent polities. The authority granted this level and how it relates to national governments and/or citizens is debated by both proponents and opponents of world government.
World federalism and Transnational governance are important parts of the Technoprogressive strategy against existential and globally catastrophic risks. World government is also important to the Social wage, and implementing truly Universal health care and the Basic income guarantee.
Emerging technologies present many new risks and regulatory challenges, and the best way to effectively guard against the dangers of technology such as molecular manufacturing is to have a set of consistently applied standards that are also designed to protect individual rights. Would federalism could ensure global Accountability, and would cut down barriers to action against Global warming.
Some see international institutions (such as the International Criminal Court and United Nations) and various supranational and continental unions (such as the European Union) as the beginning elements of a world government system.
History of the world government idea
The horrors of World War II led to calls for the establishment of institutions able to permanently prevent such deadly international conflicts. This led to the founding of the United Nations in 1945. Many, however, felt that the UN, essentially a forum for discussion and coordination between sovereign governments, was insufficiently empowered for the task. A number of prominent persons, such as Albert Einstein, Winston Churchill, Bertrand Russell and Mahatma Gandhi, called on governments to proceed further by taking gradual steps towards forming an effectual federal world government.
The Cold War led to waning interest in world federalism, but after its end some interest was renewed, as is demonstrated by the recently established International Criminal Court.
Existing regional unions of nations
The most relevant model for the incremental establishment of world federalism may be the European Union, which politically unites a wide-ranging group of nations, some formerly hostile, over a large geographical area. Though the EU is still evolving, it already has many attributes of a federal government, such as open internal borders, a directly elected parliament, a court system, an official currency (Euro) and a centralized economic policy.
The EU’s lead is being followed by the African Union, the Union of South American Nations, the Organization of Central American States, and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. A multitude of regional associations, aggregating most nations of the world, are at different stages of development towards a growing extent of economic, and sometimes political, integration.