Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies



Technoprogressive? BioConservative? Huh?
Quick overview of biopolitical points of view



UPCOMING EVENTS: Artificial Intelligence



MULTIMEDIA: Artificial Intelligence Topics

Could your car be your best friend?

How AI can bring on a second Industrial Revolution

The Ethics of AI

Moral Machines: From Machine Ethics to Value Alignment

Mathew Liao – AI and Moral Status

The Grand Challenge of Beneficial AI - Stuart Armstrong

Automation in an Accelerating Future - Anders Sandberg

US Government ‘Preparing for the Future of Artificial Intelligence’ Discussion with James Hughes

Toyota’s $1 Billion AI Investment

Robots Must Pay For Their Crimes!

Artificial Intelligence

Can we build AI without losing control over it?

Will Robots Be Made of Living Tissue?

David Gunkel on Robots and Cyborgs

Robot Overlordz - Emerging Citizens & Cyborgs




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Artificial Intelligence Topics




It May Not Feel Like Anything To Be an Alien

by Susan Schneider

Humans are probably not the greatest intelligences in the universe. Earth is a relatively young planet and the oldest civilizations could be billions of years older than us. But even on Earth, Homo sapiens may not be the most intelligent species for that much longer.



Happy Holiday! A.I. Writes and Sings Christmas Song

by B. J. Murphy

It’s finally the last month of the year and you know what that means – the holiday flood known as Christmas. Celebrated by many, it’s a time of the year where presents are exchanged and songs are sung. Only this year one of those songs won’t be sung (let alone written) by a human being. Nope, this time an artificial intelligence is giving it a go!



The Logical Space of Algocracy (Redux)

by John Danaher

(The following is, roughly, the text of a talk I delivered to the IP/IT/Media law discussion group at Edinburgh University on the 25th of November 2016. The text is much longer than what I actually presented and I modified some of the concluding section in light of the comments and feedback I received on the day. I would like to thank all those who were present for their challenging and constructive feedback. All of this builds on a previous post I did on the ‘logical space of algocracy’)



Lip Reading Skills by Google’s AI is on Fleek

by B. J. Murphy

Having an artificial intelligence (AI) translate foreign languages for you is becoming a common occurrence for most people. While universal translators are getting closer to the market by each year, there’s one other form of communication which AI is aiming to dominate as well – lip reading!



Westworld and the Human Connection with our Future Companion Robots

by B. J. Murphy

If you ever had the opportunity, would you have sex with a robot? Keep in mind, when I reference robots, I’m not thinking about completely mechanized machines, with sharp ridges and gears. Rather, these robots would be the culmination of years of research in the fields of soft robotics, synthetic skin and organ printing, and artificial intelligence (AI). In other words, unless you were to cut them open, you wouldn’t be able to differentiate them from actual human beings



IEET Affiliate Scholar Steve Fuller Publishes New Article in The Telegraph on AI

Stephen Hawking summed up the thinking of many of the researchers and funders behind artificial intelligence this week when he launched the new Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence at Cambridge by claiming that AI is “either the best or worst thing to happen to humanity.”

[Full Article]

Link to The Telegraph



Listen to the First Music Ever Made With a Computer

by George Dvorsky

Researchers from New Zealand have restored the very first recording ever made of computer generated music. The three simple melodies, laid down in 1951, were generated by a machine built by the esteemed British computer scientist Alan Turing.



How to Make Intelligent Robots That Understand the World

There are some amazing robots roving the surface of Mars. However, they are heavily dependent on their human operators. But what if we could provide them with human-like intelligence so that they could find their own way without assistance? What if we could teach them to autonomously deal with completely novel situations? IEET Contributor Danko Nikolic on the 28th of September will answer your questions.

Full Story...
Link to Guaana



Critical Nature of Emotions in Artificial General Intelligence

by David J. Kelley

Abstract
This paper reviews the key factors driving the Independent Core Observer Model Cognitive Architecture for Artificial General Intelligence specific to modeling emotions used to drive motivational and decision making processes in humans; as it relates to or inspires the ICOM motivational systems.  Emotions in ICOM are key elements of the ability to be self-motivating and make decisions.  Behavioral tuning research case work around motivations in ICOM, as seen in the series 4 ICOM Isolation Studies designed to validate the series 4 model versus series 3 model and used to bench mark as well as tune the ICOM emotional processing core, are presented.  Detailed is the reasoning for emotions in ICOM as used as a method of tagging ideas, concepts, and experiences for evaluation. Such emotions are the driving force behind the ICOM system’s subjective experiences.



Computers and Law Special Edition on Algorithmic Governance

by John Danaher

As part of the Algocracy and Transhumanism project I am running, myself and my colleague Dr. Rónán Kennedy put together a special edition of the journal/magazine Computers and Law on the topic of algorithmic governance. It consists of a diverse range of articles on the increasingly prominent role of algorithms in decision-making, and the implications this has for the law. The special edition arose from a workshop we held on the topic back in March 2016.



The “Transcension Hypothesis” and the “Fermi Paradox”

by John G. Messerly

John Smart, a colleague of mine in the Evolution, Cognition and Complexity Group, has advanced the transcension hypothesis. In Smart’s words:



New Transhumanism Book by Stefan L. Sorgner To Be Printed

by Stefan Sorgner

A new book on transhumanism by IEET Fellow Stefan Lorenz Sorgner is ready to be printed. It is the first introduction to transhumanism in German. Therein, the 12 pillars of his own weak Nietzschean transhumanism get sketched, too. If your order it now, you will receive it at the end of September, when it will get published.



Interview with Gerd Leonhard and his New Book TECHNOLOGY vs. HUMANITY

by Gerd Leonhard

IEET Managing Director Steven Umbrello interviewed futurist and author Gerd Leonhard about his new book, Technology vs. Humanity.



Op-ed: Climate Change Is the Most Urgent Existential Risk

by Phil Torres

Climate change and biodiversity loss may pose the most immediate and important threat to human survival given their indirect effects on other risk scenarios.



IEET Fellow Stefan Sorgner to be Featured on Public TV Show

An interview with IEET Fellow Stefan Lorenz Sorgner on transhumanism, evolution, and human perfection will be broadcasted as part of the following public TV show on the 30th of July at 5.30 pm:

http://www.hr-online.de/website/fernsehen/sendungen/index.jsp?rubrik=54283&key=standard_document_61118836



“Robots will colonize space, without human beings”

by David Orban

Robots will colonize space, without human beings

There’ll be a new civilization, the sum of human intelligence and artificial intelligence, where artificial intelligence will be able to analyze a problem, identify the resources needed to deal with it, plan a strategy, adapt and improve itself to resolve the problem.” It will do this not only for specific, planned objectives – like the IBM computer that beat chess champion Garry Kasparov in 1996 or the vision system that recognizes obstacles in today’s self-driving cars – but “in a generalized way, with any problem”. This will happen soon, “within the next two or three decades”. A valuable time “for us to get ready for a world that will see huge changes, and make sure the effects are positive and compatible with people’s lives and aspirations”.



Agential Risks: A New Direction for Existential Risk Studies

There are two ways to avoid an existential catastrophe involving advanced technologies, such as nuclear weapons, biotechnology, synthetic biology, and nanotechnology. First, we could study the technologies and figure out ways to make them more difficult for malicious agents to exploit. And second, we could study the malicious agents and figure out ways of reducing the probability of them wanting to exploit such technologies.

Full Story...
Link to X-Risks Institute's Technical Reports



Reverse Turing Tests: Are Humans Becoming More Machine-Like?

by John Danaher

Everyone knows about the Turing Test. It was first proposed by Alan Turing in his famous 1950 paper ‘On Computing Machinery and Intelligence’. The paper started with the question ‘Can a machine think?’. Turing noted that philosophers would be inclined to answer that question by hunting for a definition. They would identify the necessary and sufficient conditions for thinking and then they would try to see whether machines met those conditions. They would probably do this by closely investigating the ordinary language uses of the term ‘thinking’ and engaging in a series of rational reflections on those uses. At least, Oxbridge philosophers in the 1950s would have been inclined to do it this way.



The Machine Made me Do It: Human responsibility in an era of machine-mediated agency

by John Danaher

[This the text of a talk I’m delivering at the ICM Neuroethics Network in Paris this week]

Santiago Guerra Pineda was a 19-year old motorcycle enthusiast. In June 2014, he took his latest bike out for a ride. It was a Honda CBR 600, a sports motorcycle with some impressive capabilities. Little wonder then that he opened it up once he hit the road. But maybe he opened it up a little bit too much? He was clocked at over 150mph on the freeway near Miami Beach in Florida. He was going so fast that the local police decided it was too dangerous to chase him. They only caught up with him when he ran out of gas.



Transhumanisme : Comment sortir de la « Vallée de l’étrange » ? 2/2

by Marc Roux

Sous la plume de l’Association Française Transhumaniste questionnement autour de la vallée de l’étrange. Cette étrange vallée caractérise l’acceptable pour l’esprit humain.

Dans la première partie, Marc Roux, président de l’Association française Transhumaniste, expliquait le concept de “Vallée de l’étrange” avant de s’interroger : et si les modifications de l’humain menaient vers de nouvelles formes d’intolérance. Une réflexion qui le mène, aujourd’hui, à prendre position d’une façon très originale…



Comment sortir de la “Vallée de l’étrange” ? 1/2

by Marc Roux

Sous la plume de l’Association Française Transhumaniste questionnement autour de la vallée de l’étrange. Cette étrange vallée caractérise l’acceptable pour l’esprit humain.

Le mercredi 19 octobre prochain aura lieu en Angleterre une bien étrange compétition. Pour la 22ème année consécutive, un groupe de 4 personnes sera mis en concurrence avec une série d’ordinateurs face à un jury de spécialistes du langage (anglo-saxon) et de l’informatique. Le but de chacun : prouver qu’il est humain !



IEET Affiliate Scholar John Danaher Publishes New Paper - Robots, Law and the Retribution Gap

Here is a new paper that John Danaher, IEET Affiliate Scholar, has published and will be coming out in the journal Ethics and Information Technology. In case you are interested, the idea for this paper originated in this blogpost from late 2014.

Full Story...
Link to Ethics and Information Technology



Computer Science Students Fooled By Artificially Intelligent TA

by George Dvorsky

Students taking an online course at Georgia Tech’s School of Interactive Computing were duped into thinking one of their teaching assistants, named Jill Watson, was an actual human. And how can you blame them—the virtual TA managed to answer many of their questions with 97 percent certainty.



Stefan Lorenz Sorgner Invited as Visiting Professor to UofJena

IEET Fellow Stefan Lorenz Sorgner was invited to being a visiting professor at the University of Jena during the summer of 2016. There, he will also give the following talk:
Topic: Transhumanism, Big Gene Date, Bioprivacy

Full Story...
Link to ta ethika



Enseigner le Transhumanisme ?

by Marc Roux

9ème article de la Chronique de l’AFT Technoprog! sur Silicon Maniacs : http://www.siliconmaniacs.org/enseigner-le-transhumanisme/

Originally posted on Technoprog on March 17 2012



Will a Conscious, Intelligent AI Emerge in Our Lifetimes?

by Daniel Faggella

How likely is it that artificial intelligence will achieve a human-level intelligence in the next 10 years, 20 years, 100 years, or for that matter ever? If you know researchers, you know they don’t like to prognosticate about future outcomes.



Artificial Intelligence in the UK: Risks and Rewards

by Alexander Karran

The following report was created by Transpolitica senior consultant Alexander Karran in response to the ongoing inquiry into robotics and artificial intelligence by the UK parliament’s Science and Technology Committee. The report was submitted on behalf of Transpolitica, to address the topics listed on the Science and Technology Committee inquiry page:



L’affaire Steve Mann (MacDoGate) ou les débuts de la lutte pour les droits du “Cyborg”

by Marc Roux

- De quoi l’agression de Steve Mann le 1er juillet dernier par les employés du MacDonald des Champs Élysées est-elle significative ?
- Quelles leçons pouvons-nous en tirer ?

Originally published on Technoprog on July 31 2012



Dangers de l’IA : une prophétie auto-réalisatrice ?

by Alexandre Maurer

En 2014 et 2015, de nombreuses personnalités ont exprimé leurs craintes quant aux dangers de l’intelligence artificielle (IA) : Stephen Hawking, Elon Musk, Bill Gates… Depuis, ce sujet est devenu très présent dans les médias.



Is The Singularity A Religious Doctrine?

by John G. Messerly

A colleague forwarded John Horgan‘s recent Scientific American article, “The Singularity and the Neural Code.” Horgan argues that the intelligence augmentation and mind uploading that would lead to a technological singularity depend upon cracking the neural code. The problem is that we don’t understand our neural code, the software or algorithms that transform neurophysiology into the stuff of minds like perceptions, memories, and meanings. In other words, we know very little about how brains make minds.

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