Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies


The IEET is a 501(c)3 non-profit, tax-exempt organization registered in the State of Connecticut in the United States. Please give as you are able, and help support our work for a brighter future.


Search the IEET
Subscribe and Contribute to:


Technoprogressive? BioConservative? Huh?
Quick overview of biopolitical points of view




whats new at ieet

Why Did We Stop Going To The Moon?

This is Where the Rosetta Spacecraft Is Going to Die

Skepticism and the Meaning of Life

Baby diapers inspired this new way to study the brain

This Milk Lasts Up to Nine Weeks Without Spoiling

A forgotten Space Age technology could change how we grow food


ieet books

Philosophical Ethics: Theory and Practice
Author
John G Messerly


comments

RJP8915 on 'The Community Delusion: “We” are not the world.' (Jul 28, 2016)

instamatic on 'The Community Delusion: “We” are not the world.' (Jul 28, 2016)

RJP8915 on 'The Community Delusion: “We” are not the world.' (Jul 28, 2016)

John G Mess on 'Transhumanist Hank Pellissier on Being an “Atheist Missionary”' (Jul 27, 2016)

instamatic on 'The Community Delusion: “We” are not the world.' (Jul 27, 2016)

Giulio Prisco on 'The Community Delusion: “We” are not the world.' (Jul 27, 2016)

dobermanmac on 'Beware the Rise of Gerontocracy: Some Hard Lessons for Transhumanism, Not Least from Brexit' (Jul 26, 2016)







Subscribe to IEET News Lists

Daily News Feed

Longevity Dividend List

Catastrophic Risks List

Biopolitics of Popular Culture List

Technoprogressive List

Trans-Spirit List



JET

Enframing the Flesh: Heidegger, Transhumanism, and the Body as “Standing Reserve”

Moral Enhancement and Political Realism

Intelligent Technologies and Lost Life

Hottest Articles of the Last Month


Existential Risks Are More Likely to Kill You Than Terrorism
Jul 8, 2016
(4378) Hits
(1) Comments

Transparent Smart Chargepoints and the Internet of Things
Jul 16, 2016
(4138) Hits
(1) Comments

Reverse Turing Tests: Are Humans Becoming More Machine-Like?
Jul 21, 2016
(4100) Hits
(0) Comments

Is America on the Verge of Civil War?
Jul 7, 2016
(3677) Hits
(8) Comments



IEET > Rights > Neuroethics > Life > Neuroscience > Health > Vision > Psychology > Contributors > Johan Nygren

Print Email permalink (4) Comments (7922) Hits •  subscribe Share on facebook Stumble This submit to reddit submit to digg


What we call mental illness is coerced contractual agreements


Johan Nygren
By Johan Nygren
medium.com

Posted: Jan 30, 2016

Towards a governance 2.0 definition of mental illness


Belief, like fear or love, is a force to be understood as we understand the theory of relativity or principles of uncertainty, phenomena that determine the course of our lives. These forces begin long before we are born and continue after we perish. Our lives are not our own — we are bound to others — and through each crime, and every kindness, we birth our future.

Leon Eisenberg, the “scientific father” of ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)”, made a luxurious living off of his research, thanks to pharmaceutical sales. He received the “Ruane Prize for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Research, and he was a leader in child psychiatry for more than 40 years through his work in pharmacological trials, research, teaching, and social policy and for his theories of autism and social medicine.

7 years ago, in the last interview Leon made before his death, he admitted that ““ADHD is a prime example of a fictitious disease.”

Allan Frances, lead editor of DSM-IV, goes even further as he 6 years ago admitted that “There is no definition of a mental disorder. It’s bullshit. I mean, you just can’t define it. “

I’ve argued that there is a definition for mental illness — that mental illness is a position in a pecking order — but there is an ever better definition:

Mental illness is coerced contractual agreements

It’s fight and flight from coercion. What DSM diagnoses is individuals who rightfully try and either fight, or flee, from other individuals who try to coerce them. The problem is that in the eyes of the law, they’ve signed contracts, and their attempts to fight or flee are therefore seen as illegitimate by their peers. But the so called social contract that is nation-state citizenship is, to begin with, coerced upon each human being as they’re registered at birth like animals, without being asked to consent to the contractual agreements that are signed between the individual and their nation-state. There is no consent to begin with. And any contractual agreement that happens on top of a nation-state citizenship is per extension not voluntary either. Thence, it is only natural that people try and escape or fight the constant coercion that they face as citizens under a coercive state.

In that sense, we are all pre-programmed with a form of mental illness from the point we’re registered as citizens, a neurosis that Deleuze and Guattari saw as the origin of all other mental illnesses.

Humans have not always lived under conditions where their peers were more loyal to a nation-state then to them. The word legal derives from loyal, and the human brain is designed to select peers that are loyal to the self, not to the super-organism of the state. Enforcing a set of laws on everyone, removing the ability to question it and to compete, claiming a monopoly on violence and governance, makes it impossible to be picky about loyalty and to form tribes based on shared values, and leads to all sorts of emergent phenomena. Humans in nation-state cultures face more coercion from those they identify with, than humans in hunter-gatherer tribes did, as they are forced to conform to a pre-written set of ideas, with little power to question the belief-system or to create a new one. The human brain did not evolve to deal with that amount of coercion from peers in one’s tribe, and that’s the systemic origin of the fight and flight symptoms and cultural schisms that we call mental illness.

This is not a new idea. There’s lots of consensus amongst psychologists that coercion is what causes say, a struggle to pay attention to something that the law coerces someone to be mediated by. It’s not a controversial idea. What I emphasize here is the idea that psychologists should focus more on legal mediation when they study human behaviours. We are mediated beings and coercion causes us to behave in all sorts of strange ways, and as it stands, what DSM currently diagnoses, ADHD, autism, bipolarity, schizophrenia — those are all mediated behaviours. For example, ADHD is the human brain in conflict with a legal system that tries to coerce it into something it has not accepted or agreed upon. As Leon Eisenberg said, ADHD is a fictitious disease, and it’s morally, ethically, and scientifically wrong to pretend otherwise.

8 years ago, The Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine made the case in Is Psychiatry a Religion that psychiatry has more in common with religion than with science.

“GK Chesterton famously remarked that when people stop believing in God, they start believing in anything. This begs a simple question — is there a lay replacement for religion in contemporary societies? Is there any comparable system of beliefs, behaviours and attitudes that stands as a binding doctrine held ‘true’ by the populace at large? Is there any such comparable system marked by a proselytizing zeal and enthusiastic sense of mission? In this essay, I argue that psychiatry, and its handmaiden, clinical psychology, now constitutes an amorphous system of beliefs, behaviors and attitudes whose functions and doctrines are unsettlingly similar to those held by conventional religions. Are psychiatrists the new priests? Are clinics the new confessionals? Are pills the new prayer? Read on to learn that now may be the time to proudly add ‘psychiatry’ to the pantheon of world religions. “

“It may sound bizarre to suggest that those working in psychiatry are somewhat akin to missionaries, but anyone with access to an Internet search engine will soon discover that this is indeed a common self-conceptualization. For example, prominent psychiatric journals, service providers and academic departments all have ‘mission statements’. Missions cannot occur without missionaries. Thus psychiatry (and clinical psychology), it can be concluded, is ‘on a mission’. “

Why have we succumbed to the religion of psychiatry ?

We needed a story to normalize coercion. It seems to me that the religion of psychiatry, and the religion of the nation-state, what many call statism, is two sides of the same thing. Psychiatry is what made statism possible and it is what kept people from revolting against inequality. Psychiatry legitimized coercion and gave authority to the nation-state. Now with new governance 2.0 systems based on voluntary consent, and post-tribal technology such as ethereum, we no longer need to use pseudo-science to defend coercion.

Psychiatry is an ancient phenomena. 100 years ago, females who chose to not conform to the role they were coerced into were diagnosed with “hysteria”, 50 years ago, gays were diagnosed as being ill in the mental illness homosexuality, 20 years ago, kids who chose to question the legitimacy of a coercive school system were diagnosed with having a “chemical imbalance that made it hard for them to pay attention”. And looking back a few 100 years, those who chose to question the legitimacy of the state were diagnosed as heathens or witches, and so on.

It’s probable that psychiatry and DSM have had an adverse effect on culture and social evolution as they normalized coercion using a sort of pseudo-science that had more to do with government or religion than with the study of the human mind.

New social systems in the internet age will outgrow this somewhat medieval behaviour for two reasons:

Decentralization works better. In his talk The Four Pillars of a Decentralized Society, Johann Gevers makes the case that we have been on a trajectory towards increased decentralization for thousands of years. We have gradually come to rely on economic principles that scale beyond tribal instincts such as the belief in heathens or mental illness. So, it might seem like superstitions such as ADHD or autism are pre-posterous, but they are less so than what came before (hysteria, homosexuality as a disease, etc)

 

The second reason: Science evolves too fast for tribal beliefs such as mental illness to keep pace. There’s just too much data pointing out that it’s not science.

 


References:


http://brucelevine.net/how-societies-with-little-coercion-have-little-mental-illness/

http://www.cchrint.org/2013/10/30/adhd-is-a-fictitious-disease/

http://www.wired.com/2010/12/ff_dsmv/

http://www.alternet.org/personal-health/more-society-coerces-its-people-greater-greater-chance-mental-illness

http://www.alternet.org/personal-health/more-society-coerces-its-people-greater-greater-chance-mental-illness

https://medium.com/@resilience_me/what-we-call-mental-illness-is-a-position-in-a-pecking-order-200f3fbd03b7#.vh9q455kw

http://reason.com/blog/2012/08/10/dsm-editor-says-mental-disorders-most-ce

https://bitnation.co/blog/on-centralised-psychology/

https://medium.com/@resilience_me/how-being-able-to-select-memes-autonomously-increases-health-b06da81dccb8#.3cy43ufcq

http://www.palgrave-journals.com/sth/journal/v8/n4/full/sth200911a.html

https://medium.com/@resilience_me/retromemes-fear-and-obedience-to-authority-46bb08710d58#.7zxffaeu4

 


 

 

 


Johan Nygren is a natural born creative who abandoned med.school to pursue a career in the digital revolution. He's currently focused on the ongoing decentralization of everything and what is often called "the 4th industrial revolution", and how humans will leverage these P2P technologies to create something that is larger than themselves.
Print Email permalink (4) Comments (7923) Hits •  subscribe Share on facebook Stumble This submit to reddit submit to digg


COMMENTS


Johan Nygren, as someone “diagnosed” seven years ago I could not agree with you more. From someone on the inside, your critique is astute and sensitive to what the label of “mental illness” means to me.





From my experience of being diagnosed by the people who call themselves psychiatrists is that They have formed within their mind a way of categorizing normal behaviors as pathological because they have no experience with normal behaviors and only relate to the “patients” as incapable of understanding what they have and also delusional from their pretext of conformity. Psychiatrists are not psychologists nor are they therapists. This does not mean mental illness does not exist but rather psychiatrists are trained by methodologies crafted in the 20th century before neuroscience and effective altruism were developed. All mental illness is emotional dis regulation. I had really bad anxiety from which I never knew the cause accept that from what I have tried to understand now is the inability to escaped my environmental conditions which were under stimulation of novelty and acceptance from my family. Mice who are under stimulated have mental problems. A cause of ADD and Autism is dyslexia and the inability to make sense of sounds and sight. They cannot hear the inflection of the words the see on paper and cannot understand emotional contents. Not only do psychologist miss understand how emotions related to perception but also how they rationalize their own short comings. They rationalize what they know because their patients do not communicate in the same way they do thus they must be delusional. Only psychiatrist without this bias can understand what is wrong and this is rare because most psychiatrist are not that intelligent. On an IQ test I have a general ability index of 130. My verbal comprehension is 132. Knowingly I cannot relate to people who are at 100 but also being in a group home for two years I had no one to talk to. My brother has rage issues and he is the only one as intelligent as I am but attacks me if I get too deep into why he is wrong and I am right. He tried to stab me five times in 2009 and when I told this to the psychiatrist he said in the report I was delusional and paranoid. My brother does have a mental illness, its called anger. Buddhism understands mental illness 50 times better than western psychiatry. Also I do not eat right and I am sick all the time. Psychiatrist do no understand how nutrition effects mental state. Chinese medicine does understand nutrition even if most cures are placebo. The psychiatrist that I am currently seeing is not stupid, I now know how stupid my previous one were. The medications I am now taking help me with my emotional regulation better than they did before. And I am able to talk to him, he is over 60 years old. He actually understands neuro chemistry. Psychiatrist who do not understand neuro chemistry are stupid as F*ck. Currently I am taking these medications.

Synthroid(Levothyroxine)

Multivitamin

Vitamin D

Risperdal Consta

Cogentin(Benztropine)

Gabapentin

Lamotrigine(Lamictal)

Mental illness is emotional dis-regulation which has many causes.





Is it possible to apply some of these thoughts (namely the destructiveness of coercion) to the development of A.I (A.G.I/A.S.I.)?

That if we try to impose limits or constrictions upon said entity (built A.I) that it would/could find reason for affront?  Essentially, I’m thinking that if I knew I was being threatened with destruction unless I behaved in a set manner.  I would find problems with that.  Although I recognize in my case I’m not as capable as an A.S.I. would be, but the thoughts of forced impairment even if in the name of safety/security for the “creators” would imply that I’m a “threat”.

And being treated as a threat would/could make one into a threat?  Kinda like profiling… because we’d be creating bias towards a suite of interactions.





I’ve got ADHD & can assure everybody it is very real. The medication proves it in that my 50 channels/moment in my brain don’t overwhelm me as much now when on the medication. This I inherited from my mother who never stopped talking. I thought that -as a kid- was normal until meeting other parents who seemed so placid in comparison. She was definitely off her head. And good drugs work well. I have read-peer reviewed-that at least ADD was beneficial in hunting communities as that required leaders who thought quick on their feet. Seems to make sense. Now with information overload ADHD [the revved up version] will be also beneficial in comparison to the zombie masses doped up on apps and immersed in media swamp-land never to escape the digital domains that control those who step into that domain





YOUR COMMENT (IEET's comment policy)

Login or Register to post a comment.

Next entry: Made for You (Fiction)

Previous entry: Manifesto for Cyborgs

HOME | ABOUT | FELLOWS | STAFF | EVENTS | SUPPORT  | CONTACT US
SECURING THE FUTURE | LONGER HEALTHIER LIFE | RIGHTS OF THE PERSON | ENVISIONING THE FUTURE
CYBORG BUDDHA PROJECT | AFRICAN FUTURES PROJECT | JOURNAL OF EVOLUTION AND TECHNOLOGY

RSSIEET Blog | email list | newsletter |
The IEET is a 501(c)3 non-profit, tax-exempt organization registered in the State of Connecticut in the United States.

East Coast Contact: Executive Director, Dr. James J. Hughes,
56 Daleville School Rd., Willington CT 06279 USA 
Email: director @ ieet.org     phone: 860-428-1837

West Coast Contact: Managing Director, Hank Pellissier
425 Moraga Avenue, Piedmont, CA 94611
Email: hank @ ieet.org