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Rights > Personhood > Vision > Bioculture > J. Hughes
J. Hughes
The Intelligent Other in Science, Fantasy and Horror Fiction, 1895 to the Present by J. Hughes

Images of non-human intelligence in popular culture reflect our attitudes about the desirability and feasibility of a liberal democratic society. This study tests for a trend toward more positive depictions of non-human intelligence in popular culture, reflecting the gradual expansion of rights and inclusiveness of American liberal democracy. A second, more pessimistic, hypothesis of growing misanthropy also suggests there will be a positive trend in depictions.

Examples of depictions of non-human intelligence are collected from the...

Rights > HealthLongevity > J. Hughes
J. Hughes
Paying injection drug users to educate and recruit their peers by J. Hughes

Why participant-driven interventions are an ethical public health model

The criminalization of drug use has made it difficult to reach injection drug users (IDUs) with public health interventions. The “peer-driven intervention” (PDI) makes use of the existing social network of IDUs to educate and recruit participants in the intervention. Participant IDUs are given nominal financial rewards for being interviewed, for recruiting IDUs to the program, and for educating their recruits. Using peers as educators, PDIs build a di...

Rights > CognitiveLiberty > GlobalDemocracySecurity > Vision > Directors > Nick Bostrom > Futurism > Cyber
Nick Bostrom
How Long Before Superintelligence? by Nick Bostrom

Abstract This paper outlines the case for believing that we will have superhuman artificial intelligence within the first third of the next century. It looks at different estimates of the processing power of the human brain; how long it will take until computer hardware achieve a similar performance; ways of creating the software through bottom-up approaches like the one used by biological brains; how difficult it will be for neuroscience figure out enough about how brains work to make this approach work; and how fast we can expect su...

Rights > Vision > FreeThought > CyborgBuddha > J. Hughes > ReproRights
J. Hughes
Buddhism and Abortion: A Western Approach by J. Hughes

Introduction

I once believed it important to determine the “Buddhist view” on many social and political questions. Today I’m much more circumspect. Buddhist texts offer few coherent views outside of the core doctrinal elements. Consequently, Buddhists, to an even greater degree than most religionists, are required to address contemporary problems in the spirit of their teachings, rather than according to the letter of their law.

In the case of abortion, classical Buddhist texts, from the Pali canon through t...

Rights > HealthLongevity > Personhood > Enablement > J. Hughes
J. Hughes
Hirntod und technologischer Wandel by J. Hughes

Personale Identität, neuronale Prothesen und Uploading

Biotechnologien, die es bereits gibt und deren Entwicklung wir voraussehen können, greifen in unser Verständnis des Lebens ein und zwingen dazu, die Grenzen zwischen Leben und Tod neu zu ziehen. Das ist heute immer weniger eine philosophische oder religiöse Aufgabe, sondern ein praktischer Bestandteil der Lebenswirklichkeit, die stets neuen Anlaß zu Auseinandersetzungen provoziert und zeigt, wie stark die Techniken buchstäblich in das Leben eines jed...

Rights > J. Hughes > ReproRights
J. Hughes
Duplicity about Duplication: Cloning as Lens for Millenial Angst by J. Hughes

In late February a wave of hysterical, technophobic paranoia swept the world with the announcement that Scottish scientists had cloned a sheep. Reported as the first successful cloned mammal, it was quickly followed by American claims of successfully cloned monkeys. The media promoted stories as heralding the immanent cloning of humans. The mantra of “brave new world” was intoned endlessly, as reporters breathlessly conjured images of millions of pencil-mustachioed Austrian painters.

Rights > J. Hughes > ReproRights
J. Hughes
Embracing Change with All Four Arms: A Post-Humanist Defense of Genetic Engineering by J. Hughes

Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics June 1996, 6(4):94-101

in Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Controversial Issues in Science, Technology, and Society , Fourth Edition, ed. Thomas A. Easton. Dushkin/McGraw Hill, 2000

and translated into German in Telepolis 

1. Introduction 2. Distinctions without a Difference 3. Ethical Starting Points for A Defense

A. Rule Utilitarianism B. Privacy, Self-Determination and Bodily Autonomy C. Freedom from Biological Necessity...

Rights > Staff > J. Hughes > ReproRights
J. Hughes
Den Wandel mit aller Entschlossenheit ergreifen by J. Hughes

Ein posthumanistisches Plädoyer für die Gentechnologie

Über eine Bioethik wird in Deutschland noch wenig öffentlich diskutiert. Die neuen Biotechnologien werfen jedoch viele Fragen und Probleme auf, die tief in unser Verständnis von Leben und Person eingreifen werden. Der Bioethiker James Hughes hat ein entschiedenes und provozierendes Plädoyer für die intensive Nutzung der Gentechnologie verfaßt, das wir in Telepolis zur Diskussion stellen wollen.

Vision > HealthLongevity > J. Hughes > Futurism > Innovation
J. Hughes
The Doctor-Patient Relationship: Does it Really Matter? by J. Hughes

A large body of literature uses the “doctor-patient relationship” (DPR) is if it were a discrete phenomenon with positive effects on patient satisfaction and clinical outcomes. This paper examines the three assumptions made by this literature: 1) that the DPR is a discrete dichotomous variable, rather than a poorly inter-correlated cluster of attributes; 2) that this cluster of attributes are the most significant predictors of the variables they are purported to effect; and 3) that the beneficial influence of a primary care relat...

Rights > Personhood > Vision > Bioculture > J. Hughes
J. Hughes
Aliens, Technology and Freedom: Science Fiction Consumption and Socio-Ethical Attitudes by J. Hughes

As we enter the 21st century, we do well to consider the values implicit in science fiction, the principal arena of future speculation in popular culture. This study explored whether consumption of science fiction (SF) is correlated with distinctive socio-ethical views. SF tends to advocate the extension of value and rights to all forms of intelligence, regardless of physical form; enthusiasm for technology; and social and economic libertarianism. This suggests that consumers with these socio-ethical views would be attracted to the SF genre,...